Art Literature Guide Art Literature Guide 6th ed.

Art Literature Guide

6th ed. 2019.10.11


The Art Literature Guide (Artistic Reference) explains how to access art literature while introducing you to the materials collected at the Art Library of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo (MOMAT). Members of the Art Library staff have compiled this information as part of their self-training efforts.

Click the underlined part of the title of a book or publication to open the MOMAT Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) bibliographic collection details screen.

The code in brackets at the end of an item is the Art Library call number.

For literature in Japanese, the English title is displayed as an alternative title, if one exists. If there is no English title, the Japanese name transliterated into the Roman alphabet is displayed in brackets.


0. Using tools from the MOMAT
1. How to search for information about people
2. How to search for data on works
3. How to search for information about exhibitions
4. How to search for information about periodicals


Revision History

5th ed. 2019.04.27, 4th ed. 2018.04.12, 3rd ed. 2015.03.28, 2nd ed. 2010.07.01, 1st ed. 2003.05.20.


Disclaimer regarding external links

This page contains URLs to many external websites. We are not responsible for any damages incurred by the user from external websites. Please access external links at your own discretion.


0. Using tools from the MOMAT

Table of contents:

0.1 How to search for MOMAT exhibition information
0.2 How to search for works collected at the MOMAT
0.3 Materials related to works collected at the MOMAT and their artists


0.1 How to search for MOMAT exhibition information

This section is a guide to how to search for information related to exhibitions that were held at the MOMAT. Exhibition information primarily refers to the five following items of information.

• Exhibition dates and locations
• Works featured at exhibitions
• Artists featured at exhibitions
• Written materials created for the exhibition
• Brief reviews that evaluate the exhibition (exhibition reviews)

0.1.1 Exhibition History List

You can browse through information for exhibitions (special exhibitions) that were held at the MOMAT in the page below.

The MOMAT exhibition history list

0.1.2 Exhibition Catalogs

Catalogs created to supplement exhibitions contain images, work data/descriptions, related writings, reference literature, biographies/portraits/chronicles of the artists, etc. These materials are compilations of the latest research at the time of the opening of the exhibition and are extremely valuable when researching information about artists and works.

a) How to search

Searching the MOMAT OPAC using the names of exhibitions or artists as keyphrases will yield results from the exhibition catalogs. When searching for catalogs of exhibitions held at the MOMAT, the items from the table of contents in a catalog can be used as keyphrases.

b) Call number

<Example> About MOMAT exhibition catalog call numbers [C*||NMA1||Exhibition Number]

Call numbers consist of three parts. For example, for the call number [CO||NMA1||457], “CO” (Catalogue One person) indicates a solo or retrospective exhibition, and “NMA1” (National Museum of Art) indicates that the exhibition was held at the MOMAT. “CG” (Catalog Group) in place of “CO” would indicate that the exhibition featured works from two or more artists. The numbers at the end are serial numbers (exhibition numbers) assigned to exhibitions held at the MOMAT. Materials in the Art Library are sorted in order of exhibition number. Catalogs can be found right away if you know the exhibition number.

Example:

CO ← “CO” = solo or retrospective exhibition / “CG” = Group exhibition
 NMA1  ← Exhibition held at the MOMAT
457 ← Exhibition number

 

0.1.3 Newsletter

The Newsletter of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo has been issued regularly since 1954. The content of articles featured in the newsletter has changed over the years, and articles have covered a variety of topics including announcements for special exhibitions, writings and reports related to exhibitions, descriptions of newly collected works, editorials related to artists featured in special and permanent exhibitions, and more.

a) Online

Some issues of the Newsletter of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo can be viewed at The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo – Repository. Additionally, new issues are posted on the website. However, images of some works may be hidden due to copyright reasons.

The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo – Repository

b) Book form

Content from the newsletter can be found through the MOMAT OPAC by searching the keyphrase “Newsletter of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo.”
To search for a specific past issue, click “Find Past Issues” and enter the desired numbers in the “Volume,” “Issue,” “Year,” and “Month” fields. Items from the table of contents in an issue of the newsletter can be used as a keyword or keyphrase for a search.

Newsletter of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, no.1(1954- ) [MN||NMA1]

0.1.4 Bulletin

Research theses and investigative reports about works of art written by researchers from the MOMAT are posted in the Bulletin of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo.

a) Online

The 13th issue and later can be read from the institution’s repository and website. However, images of some works may be hidden due to copyright reasons.

The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo – Repository

b) Book form

Searching the MOMAT OPAC using “Bulletin of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo” as a keyphrase will yield results from the editions of the bulletin.
To search for a specific past issue, click “Find Past Issues” and enter the desired numbers in the “Volume,” “Issue,” “Year,” and “Month” fields. Items from the table of contents in an issue of the newsletter can be used as a keyword or keyphrase for a search.

Bulletin of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, no. 1(1987)-. [MB||NMA1]

0.1.5 Annual Reports/Activity Reports

The Annual report, Independent Administrative Institution National Museum of Art, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo is a report of museum activities that is issued every year. The reports contain records of exhibitions held from the opening of the museum in 1952 to last year. Information such as exhibition content, number of visitors, publications is published in the reports. If you know the year an exhibition was held, you can find information related to the exhibition by checking the report for that year.

Additionally, works that entered the MOMAT collection on the year in question (new acquisitions) are listed by genre. Annual reports are published each year, so they are useful for finding the latest works to enter the museum’s collection. As part of the published artwork data, the first exhibition in which the work was shown and the history of how the work entered the collection are included in addition to the name of the work and the artist, size and materials used (including techniques and support). However, images of works may not be included depending on the year of publication.

a) Online

Editions of the Annual report, Independent Administrative Institution National Museum of Art, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, published since 2002 can be viewed at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo – Repository. They can also be viewed from the website.

The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo – Repository
• MOMAT (Art Museum) Website > Research > Annual Report

b) Book form

Searching the MOMAT OPAC using “National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo Annual Report” as a keyphrase will yield results from the editions of the report. The data is categorized in the following order due to changes in the name of the publication: Kokuritsu kindai bijutsukan nenpō; Annual report, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo; Annual report, Independent Administrative Institution National Museum of Art, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo; Annual report, Independent Administrative Institution National Museum of Art, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo To search for a specific past issue, click “Find Past Issues” and enter the desired numbers in the “Volume,” “Issue,” “Year,” and “Month” fields.

[Kokuritsu kindai bijutsukan nenpō], 1952– [MA||NMA1]
Annual report, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 1967–1999. [MA||NMA1]
Annual report, Independent Administrative Institution National Museum of Art, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 2000–2007.[MA||NMA1]
Annual report, Independent Administrative Institution National Museum of Art, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 2008–. [MA||NMA1]

0.1.6 Featured Artists

Names of artists featured in special exhibitions at the MOMAT (Art Museum/Crafts Gallery) between December 1952 and March 2012 can be found in “Index Search System for Works and Artists Featured in Art Musum/Crafts Gallery Exhibitions,” which was created when 60 years of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo 1952–2012 was published. The listed exhibition number can be used to check information such as exhibition names from the “The MOMAT exhibition history list” introduced in “0.1.1 Exhibition History List.”

Comprehensive Index of Exhibited Artists at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, at the Crafts Gallery (JA) [PDF] (2,722 KB)
Comprehensive Index of Exhibited Artists at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, at the Crafts Gallery (EU) [PDF] (1,046 KB)
60 years of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo 1952–2012, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 2012, 884p [MP||NMA1||2012]

A system that allows you to search the names of artists (including group names) featured in special exhibitions is available at the MOMAT Art Library. In addition to artist information including the artist’s name (EU)(JA), years of birth and death, and aliases, you can find what exhibitions the artist’s works were featured in, and if a link to a featured works list is available, what works were featured. (The featured works list for each exhibition is currently being added.) This system is recommended for those who wish to conduct a diversified search to check the collection of articles from the Newsletter of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo or video recordings of symposiums relevant to each exhibition, etc.

Comprehensive Index of Exhibited Artists at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, at the Crafts Gallery Search (JA, EU)(In the Art library only)


0.2 How to search for works collected at the MOMAT

This section is a guide to finding information related to works collected at the MOMAT. Works information includes artist names, dates of creation, medium, support, measurements (cm), collection location, etc.

0.2.1 Collected Works

Works created in the 20th century to today in Japan and overseas are collected at the MOMAT. Collected works can be searched using either the Union Catalog of the Collections of the National Art Museums, Japan; or the collection catalog.

a) Union Catalog

The Union Catalog of the Collections of the National Art Museums, Japan allows you to search for information at the four museums where works are collected out of six Independent Administrative Institution National Museums of Art—MOMAT; National Museum of Western Art; National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto; and the National Museum of Art, Osaka. You may also narrow your search to just works collected at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo.

Union Catalog of the Collections of the National Art Museums, Japan

Listed information includes the artist’s name, name of work, year of production, materials (including techniques and support), form size (cm), number in set, measurements (cm), year and mode of acquisition, and name of museum. Depending on the work, additional information may be included such as images of the work, descriptions, provenance (who possessed the work previously), exhibition history (what exhibitions the work was featured in), and reference literature (literature that introduces the work). Data is generally updated at the end of each fiscal year. The update status can be checked on the website.

b) Collection catalog

The Catalogue of collections, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo has been issued since 1973. Catalogues are categorized by field, and black and white images are displayed for every work. Listed information for each work includes the artist’s name, years of birth and death, title, year of production, materials (including techniques and support), form size, exhibition the work was first shown in, year and mode of acquisition. With regards to the genre and time period, the scope of the catalogue is indicated in the introductory remarks. Additionally, an index can be found at the end of each catalogue, allowing you to find artist names (written in both Japanese and English.)

Catalogue of collections, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 1973. [CC||NMA1||1973]
Catalogue of collections, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Paintings, 2004. [CC||NMA1||2004]
Catalogue of collections, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Watercolors and Drawings, Calligraphy, Sculpture, Supplementary materials, War record paintings, 2006. [CC||NMA1||2006]
Catalogue of collections, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Prints, 1993. [CC||NMA1||1993]
Catalogue of collections, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Ryusei Kishida Works and archives, 1996. [CC||NMA1]
Supplement to catalogue of collections the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 1994. [CC||NMA1||1994]
Supplement to catalogue of collections the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Isamu Wakabayashi Collected studies, 1994. [CC||NMA1]
Collection catalogue of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Crafts, 2003. [CC||NMA1||2003]
Collection catalogue of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Design, 2003. [CC||NMA1||2003]

The MOMAT catalogue of collections can be searched from the MOMAT OPAC by selecting “Advanced search” and entering [CC||NMA1||*] in the “Call number” field.

0.2.2 Images and Descriptions

a) Important cultural property

Important cultural properties collected at the MOMAT can be checked on the “Important cultural properties at the MOMAT” page on the website.

• MOMAT (Art Museum) HP > Collection > Important cultural properties at the MOMAT

b) Publications

Masterpieces from the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo is a guidebook containing color images of works accompanied by descriptions in English and in Japanese. Names of artists and works can be checked in the list at the end of the book.

Masterpieces from the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, [edited by] Okazaki Motoko. National Museum of Art/Seibundo Shinkosha, 2019 (The National Museum of Art guide, 1) [CC||NMA1||[2019]]

Selected works from the collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo are books containing color images and descriptions of 63 selected works as well as information about the artists and works. Selected works can be checked from the table of contents. A separate volume contains descriptions in English.

Selected works from the collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, [edited by] Kuraya Mika, Hosaka Kenjiro, Masuda Tomohiro National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, [2016], 2 volumes, [CC||NMA1||[2016]]

Masterpieces from The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo is a selection of 202 paintings representative of the works collected up to December 2004. This book contains color images of works and descriptions of works and artists in Japanese. An index of artists and list of works can be found at the back of the book (in both Japanese and English.)

Masterpieces from The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, [edited by] National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 2005, 309p. [CC||NMA1||[2005]]

Gallery guide to the collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo contains descriptions of art movements in modern Japanese art accompanied by images of works collected at the MOMAT and at other museums. There are descriptions in Japanese for some of the featured works. The end of the book contains brief histories of artists, chronologies, and an index of names of notable people.

Gallery guide to the collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, [edited by] National Museum of Modern Art. Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, c1997, 167p. [CC||NMA1||1997]

Gallery guide to the collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo is a record of representative works collected at the MOMAT. This book contains color images of works and descriptions about works and artists in Japanese.

Modern Japanese art: selected works from the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, [edited by] National Museum of Modern Art. Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 1984, 238p. [CC||NMA1||[1984]

60 years of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo 1952–2012 is a compilation commemorating the 60th anniversary of the opening of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Ten newly collected works were selected for each fiscal year and featured alongside black and white images of the work and data related to the work.

60 years of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo 1952–2012, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 2012, 884p [MP||NMA1||2012]

b) Teaching materials

The “National Art Museum Art Card Set” was created by the staff at each national art museum in charge of promoting education. They utilize collected works for the purposes of educating people about art appreciation. The booklet contains color images, information, and descriptions alongside points of appreciation for works collected at the MOMAT, the National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto; National Museum of Western Art; and the National Museum of Art, Osaka.

Art card set, [edited by] National Museum of Art. National Museum of Art, 2017. [MP||NMA||[2017]]


0.3 Materials related to works collected at the MOMAT and their artists

This section is a guide to help you research artists of collected works or previously exhibited works using materials created or archived at the museum.

0.3.1 Publications

[Bijutsukatachi no shōgen] is a book of 71 articles by modern Japanese artists compiled from the Newsletter of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. An index of names of artists can be found at the end of the book.

[Bijutsukatachi no shōgen: Tōkyō Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan nyūsu “Gendai no me” senshū], [edited by] National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 2012, 302p. [MP||NMA1||[2012]

The Playback Artist Talks exhibition held at the MOMAT in 2013 was an exhibition that reflected on the Artist Talk events held between 2005 and 2011. This catalogue contains transcriptions of what was said by twelve featured artists during their Artist Talks.

Playback artist talks, [edited by] National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, c2013, 55p[CG||NMA1||493]

0.3.2 Artist Files (Created at the MOMAT Art Library)

These are collections of ephemera for approximately 4,100 artists of works collected or exhibited at the MOMAT, filed by artist name. Since July 2019, these files have been searchable in the MOMAT OPAC. If you would like to view these files, please make a request at the counter. It may take time to fetch these files as they are very delicate. Thank you for your understanding.

Artist Files

0.3.3 Artist Sheets (Created at the MOMAT Art Library)

These are sheets created at the MOMAT Art Library for approximately 6,200 deceased persons with relevance to art that include newspaper cuttings of obituaries. They are sorted in kana syllabary order. (Updates for these sheets stopped in March 2019.) The sheets are shelved in the Art Library, but they cannot be searched for on the MOMAT OPAC. If you would like to find a sheet, please make a request at the counter.

● Artist Sheets

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1. How to search for information about people

Table of contents:

1.1 About personal information
1.2 About reference books
1.3 Finding readings
1.4 Finding topics
1.5 Searching for materials


1.1 About personal information

How to conduct research depends on what kind of information you are looking for and what you want to do with that information. Are you researching an artist? An art critic? Is the person alive or deceased? Are you trying to contact the person or learn about his or her life?
To research a person of interest at the MOMAT Art Library, as well as searching the person’s name in the MOMAT OPAC, it may also be useful to search using reference books.
Whether searching in the MOMAT OPAC or in a reference book, your search will be more efficient if you check the name of the person (including the kanji used for Japanese names/spelling for foreign names), active periods, and relevant genres beforehand.


1.2 About reference books

Put simply, reference books are the basic books used when conducting research. Reference books include dictionaries, encyclopedias (including specialized and biographical encyclopedias), handbooks, chronologies, yearbooks, bibliographies, indexes, and other materials. Among these types of reference books, bibliographies are useful for collecting materials.
Bibliographies are lists of books, periodicals, and other literary materials that are documented according to a defined set of rules. They are compiled and arranged based on information such as author, title, subject, and category. Bibliographies are a kind of literary catalogue.
They are essential when you want to learn what kind of information is contained in a work you need, where a document is kept or located, or when you want to search for additional literature that you require. Literature compiled in a bibliography are primary sources. Bibliographies are secondary sources, as they contain processed and compiled information from the primary sources. Recompilations of secondary sources such as bibliographies are tertiary sources. These are “bibliographies of bibliographies.”

Nihon shoshi no shoshi: a Japan bibliography of bibliographies is a compilation of individual bibliographies as well as bibliographies found within books or periodicals. This compilation is divided into Supervisory bibliographies, Subject bibliographies I and II, and Biographical bibliographies I. Subject bibliographies II and Biographical bibliographies I pertain to the fields of art, language, and literature. Subject bibliographies II and later are published by Nichigai Associates.

[Nihon shoshi no shoshi: a Japan bibliography of bibliographies], [edited by] Amano Keitaro. Gannando-shoten Ltd., 1973-1984, 4v. [025||A43]

A further bibliography, Subject bibliographies III: social sciences edition, was published in 2006.

A Japan bibliography of bibliographies: subject bibliographies III, [edited by] Amano Keitaro. Kanazawa Bumpokaku, 2006, 324p. [025||A43||5]

The following are also bibliographies of bibliographies.

[Nihon no sankō tosho dai 4-han], [edited by] Japan Library Association. Japan Library Association, 2002, xiv, 1081p. [R028||N71||2002]
[Hogo bunken o taisho to suru sanko chosa benran], [edited by] Katayama Kihachirō, Ôta Eiko. [Shoshi kenkyu no kai], 2004, 219, 1237, 317p. [028||Ka84||[2004]]
[“Jinmei jiten” daijiten], [edited by] Jinmei joho kenkyūkai. Nihon Tosho Center, 2007, 2v. [280.3||J52]

National bibliographies and nationally sold bibliographies that are compiled with comprehensiveness of materials in mind are called primary bibliographies. In contrast, bibliographies created with some kind of selection standard or restriction on the scope of the subject matter are called secondary bibliographies. Selective bibliographies and subject bibliographies are secondary bibliographies. Biographical bibliographies are also secondary bibliographies.

Biographical bibliographies include individual bibliographies that cover one person and collective bibliographies that cover multiple people. Literature compiled in both individual bibliographies and collective bibliographies includes works written by the person(s) in question, as well as literature written about the person in question, such as biographies, critical biographies, essays, and studies.

An index to personal bibliographies, [edited by] Fukai Hitoshi. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1979-1994, 2v. [R280.3||F71]

Japanese sources on visual artists: a bibliography of bibliography: from Sesshu to Tabaimo, Van Eyck to Lee Bul is a selection of 2,600 individual biographical bibliographies compiled from art bibliographies written in Japanese.

Japanese sources on visual artists: a bibliography of bibliography: from Sesshu to Tabaimo, Van Eyck to Lee Bul, Nakajima Masatoshi. Bensei Publishing Inc., 2007, 12, 866p. [703||N34]

Bibliography of Japanese artists, a biographical bibliography of 3,899 Japanese artists, is a compilation of documents published in Japan between the years of 1991 and 2010. Bibliography of foreign artists, a biographical bibliography of 1,886 artists from overseas, is a compilation of bibliographies published in Japan between the years of 1980 and 2010.

Bibliography of Japanese artists/Bibliography of foreign artists, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2013, 2v. [703.1||N71]


1.3 Finding readings

1.3.1 Authority files (check these before using an encyclopedia)

Use these materials to learn a person’s date of birth and death and how his or her name is written and read, or to identify a specific person. Names of foreigners may be written in multiple ways when converted from the original spellings into kana. Furthermore, you may be unable to identify a Japanese person if you do not know the correct kanji or reading of the person’s name. If you write a person’s name incorrectly, you will not be able to research the person efficiently.
The following are representative authority files that contain names of people. The union list of artist names can be searched online from the Getty Foundation website.

[TRC jinmei tenkyoroku], [edited by] TRC (Japan). TRC (Japan), 1991, 3v. [R280.3||To72]
National Diet Library authority file for Japanese authors: post-Edo era, [edited by] National Diet Library. National Diet Library, 1991, 6v. [R281||Ko49]
Union list of artist names, James M. Bower. G. K. Hall, 1994, 4v. [R703||B68]
Union list of artist names (http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/ulan/index.html)

1.3.2 Sources for readings

Use this when you are unsure of the reading of someone’s full name.

Japanese family names in Chinese characters: a guide to their readings/Japanese first names in Chinese characters: a guide to their readings, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1990, 2v. [R288.1||N71]

This is a convenient dictionary for checking the original spellings of foreign names that have been transliterated into kana.

Guide to spellings of foreigner’s names in kana orders, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc.  Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2002, 5, 586p. [R288.1||N71]


1.4 Finding topics

1.4.1 Encyclopedias

Encyclopedias are comprehensive collections of information on topics and events. For well-known topics, a regular encyclopedia may contain a more detailed entry than a specialized encyclopedia. When conducting research, it may be useful to look in a regular encyclopedia before checking a specialized encyclopedia. You may be able to obtain all the information you need from one encyclopedia, or at least get an overview of the person or topic that you are researching.

Heibonsha’s World Encyclopædia, Heibonsha, 1988, 31v. [R031||H51]

1.4.2 Specialized encyclopedias

Specialized encyclopedias contain entries related to specific topics.

Encyclopedia of Modern Japanese Art, [edited by] Osaki Shinichiro [et al.]. Tokyo Shoseki CO., LTD., 2007, 655p. [702.16||Ta71]
The Art Museum of Japan, Shogakukan Publishing, 1997, 1247p. [R702.1||N71]
[Nihon bijutsushi jiten], Ishida Hisatoyo [et al.], supervisor. Heibonsha, 1987, 1108p. [R703.3||N71]
The Oxford Companion to Art, Sasaki Hideya, supervisor. Kōdansha, 1989, 1338p. [R703.3||O93]
The History of Western art, Shogakukan Publishing, 1999, 1151p. [R703.3||Sh95]
Grande enciclopedia dell’arte, Shogakukan Publishing, 1988-1990, 6v. [703.3||Se22]
The Dictionary of Art, Jane Turner. Macmillan, c1996, 34v. [R703.3||D72]
Encyclopedia of World Art, McGraw-Hill, c1959–c1987, 17v. [R703.3||E58]

1.4.3 Biographical dictionaries

Biographical dictionaries are reference books about people arranged in a specific order that use names of people as headwords for the biographical entries.
A personal directory (name book) refers to a list of people used for social purposes that contains information such as date of birth, birthplace, field of specialization, current occupation, associated organizations, and address. Personal directories only include people who are living at the time the record is made. Due to the fact that art-related dictionaries are compiled mainly by artists, there is a possibility that critics and curators are not mentioned. However, such people may be listed in general biographical dictionaries, so a thorough search may be necessary. The following materials are art-related biographical dictionaries.

[20seiki bukko nihon gaka jiten], [edited by] Yui Kazuto. Bijutsu-Nenkansha Co.,Ltd., 1998, 445p. [R721.033||Y97]
[20seiki bukko yōgaka jiten], [edited by] Iwase Yukio, Yui Kazuto. Bijutsu-Nenkansha Co.,Ltd., 1997, 334p. [R723.1||I96]
[Kindai nihon bijutsuka retsuden], [edited by] The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura & Hayama. Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 1999, 347, viiip. [R702.8||Ka43]
[Kindai nihon bijutsu jiten], Miwa Hideo, Satō Dōshin, Yamanashi Emiko. Kōdansha, 1989, 414p. [R703.3||Mi69]
[Nihon bijutsuka jiten], Fujimori Koei. [Ōandoemu], [19–]-. [R703.3||N71]
[Meiji taishō bungaku bijutsu jinmei jisho], Matsumoto Ryūnosuke. Kokushokankokai Inc., 1980, 917, 36p. [R281.03||Ma81]

Bijutsuka jinmei jiten published by Nichigai Associates is a biographical dictionary with entries categorized by field, from ancient to modern. It consists of three volumes, one for painters and printmakers, another for crafts, and another for architecture and sculpture.

Japanese artists: a biographical dictionary of 3500 painters, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2009, 7, 720p. [703.5||N71]
Japanese artists: a biographical dictionary of 2000 industrial artists and craftsmen, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2010, 24, 451p. [703.5||N71]
Japanese artists: a biographical dictionary of 1600 architects and sculptors, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2011, 7, 543p. [703.5||N71]

Nihon jinbutsu jōhō taikei. 68, Shogahen. 8 is a collection of reprints of important documents related to painters and calligraphers that were published between the Edo period and the Showa era.

[Nihon jinbutsu jōhō taikei. 68, Shogahen. 8], [edited by] Haga Noboru [et al.]. Koseisha, 2001, 10v. [R702.8||H12]
[Personal information search form for all materials in Japan] (http://www.libro-koseisha.co.jp/f_j_all.htm)

The following are biographical dictionaries related to specific subjects such as photography, videos, prints, and comics.

Biographic dictionary of contemporary Japanese photography, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2005, 593p. [740.3||N71]
Biographic dictionary of Japanese photography, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2005, 483p. [740.3||N71]
Japanese directors, producers & scenarists in the cinema, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1991, 51, 655p. [778.21||N71]
Treasury of Prints 21, Murofushi Tetsuro. Prints 21, 1997, 1005p. [R749.03||Mu72]
Encyclopaedia of prints, Murofushi Tetsuro. Tokyo Shoseki CO., LTD., 1985, 1003p. [726.1||N71]
[Mangaka, anime sakka jinmei jiten], [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1997, 497p. [726.1||N71]
Writers of comics in Japan: a biographical dictionary, [edited by] Mangaseek, Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2003, 36, 482p. [726.1||Ma43]

The following are general biographical dictionaries.

[Kōdansha nihon jinmei daijiten], Kōdansha, 2001, 28, 2238p. [R280.3||Ko19]
[Japan who was who: bukkosha jiten 1983-1987], [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1988, 83, 693p. [R281.03||N71]
[Shinchō nihon jinmei jiten], [edited by] Shinchosha Co.,Ltd. Shinchosha Co.,Ltd., 1991, 2086p. [R280.3||Sh61]
[Nihon kin-gendai jinmei jiten], [edited by] Usui Katsumi [et al.]. Yoshikawa Kobunkan, 2001, 1181, 203p. [R281.03||U95]
[Iwanami seiyo jinmei jiten], [edited by] Iwanami Syoten Henshūbu. Iwanami Shoten, Publishers., 1981, 30, 1962, 282p. [R283.03||I95]

The following are art-related foreign biographical dictionaries.

Dictionary of Women Artists, editor Delia Gaze; picture editors Maja Mihajlovic, Leanda Shrimpton, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997, 2v. [R703.3||G11]
The Prestel Dictionary of Art and Artists in the 20th Century, Prestel, c2000, 383p. [R703.3||P92]
The World’s Master Paintings: from the Early Renaissance to the Present Day, [compiled by] Christopher Wright. Routledge, 1992, 2v. [R703.8||W94]

The following series from St. James Press may be useful for research about artists who are currently active. Editions other than those that are listed also exist.

Contemporary Architects. 3rd ed., [edited by] Muriel Emanuel. St. James Press, c1994, xix, 1125p. [R520.3||C86]
Contemporary Artists. 5th ed., [edited by] Sara Pendergast and Tom Pendergast. St. James Press, c2002, 2v. [R703||C86||5th]
Contemporary Designers. 3rd ed., [edited by] Sara Pendergast. St. James Press, c1997, xix, 981p. [R703||C86]
Contemporary Masterworks, [edited by] Colin Naylor. St. James Press, c1991, xvi, 933p. [R703||C86]
Contemporary Photographers. 3rd ed, [edited by] Martin Marix Evans. St. James Press, c1995, xxv, 1234p. [R740.3||C86]
Contemporary Women Artists, [edited by] Laurie Collier Hillstrom, Kevin Hillstrom. St. James Press, c1999, xx, 760 p. [R703||C86]

The following are artist dictionaries compiled by Benezit in France. These useful dictionaries include biographies of the artists, lists of museums where major works are collected, bibliographies, and records of major auctions. The English version was published in 2006. The page layout is the same as the French version. The latest version is an online version included in Oxford Art Online.

Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays par un groupe d’écrivains spécialistes français et étrangers. Nouv. ed., E. Bénézit. Gründ, 1976, 10v. [R703.3||B35]
Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs: de tous les temps et de tous les pays par un groupe d’écrivains spécialistes français et étrangers. Nouv. ed., E. Bénézit. Gründ, 1999, 14v. [R703.3||B35]
Dictionary of Artits, Benezit. Grund, 2006, 14v. [703.3||B35]
Benezit Dictionary of Artists (Oxford Art Online) (https://www.oxfordartonline.com/) (In the Art Library only)

Published in Germany, the following dictionary is the world’s largest artist dictionary, known by its popular name Thieme/Becker. This dictionary contains brief biographies and bibliographies.

Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart: unter Mitwirkung von 300 Fachgelehrten des In- und Auslandes, herausgegeben von Ulrich Thieme und Felix Becker. Seemann, 1907-1950, 37v. [R703.3||Th4]

The following dictionaries are popularly known as AKL and are currently being published as fully revised editions of Thieme/Becker. These dictionaries contain biographies, exhibition histories, bibliographies, and collections of works. In the MOMAT OPAC, the bibliographies are separated due to the large number of volumes.

Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon: die bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker, K. G. Saur, 1992-2004, 40v. [R703.3||Sa91]
Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon: die bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker, K. G. Saur, 2004- [R703.3||Sa91]

A biographical dictionary containing information about art historians and museum directors in addition to artists is available online from the Museum Professionals and Academic Historians of Art. As for Japanese figures, Okakura Tenshin can be found in this source.

Dictionary of Art Historians (http://www.dictionaryofarthistorians.org/)

1.4.4 Yearbooks

a) Year book of Japanese art

Year book of Japanese Art is a basic tool for learning about art movements from each year. It covers art movements and major news, and more in the art world for each year. Content may vary somewhat depending on the year, but the main topics covered are the annual history of the art world, major exhibitions, art bibliographies, and the deceased. As information on the deceased and the contact information of artists and art-related persons of interest are listed, this source can be used to research personal information.
Year book of Japanese Art, which is currently published by the Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties Art Department, was originally published in 1936 by the art laboratory of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts. Since the original issue, it has been published every year and contains overviews of art movements from January to December of the previous year. In the MOMAT OPAC, the bibliographies are separated due to the changes in the names of organizations and the large number of volumes.

Year book of Japanese Art, [edited by] Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties. Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, 1995– [R705||N71]

Furthermore, Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties has made Year book of Japanese Art, articles published about the deceased available online. It covers all the obituaries published in Year book of Japanese Art.

Year book of Japanese Art, articles published about the deceased (http://www.tobunken.go.jp/materials/bukko)

b) Others

The Fine Arts Industry Data Book is a yearbook published by Seikatsu no Tomo. It contains basic profiles with information such as the artist’s career history, awards received, sales prices, and more. It also contains additional information about the art world, including information about galleries and museums nationwide, authenticators, and art critics.

The Fine Arts Industry Data Book, Seikatsu no Tomo Co., 2011–. [705||B42]

Publication of the following yearbooks is currently suspended. They may be used to check information at the time of publication.

[The Window of Arts Annual], Seikatsu no Tomo Co., 2007–2008. [705||B42]
The Window of Arts [Annual], Seikatsu no Tomo Co., 2008. [705||B42||2009]
Bijutsu Techo: Annual of Arts in Japan, Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 1957–2006. [ZW||ヒ]
Annual of Arts in Japan, Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 1980–2006 [R705||B41]


1.5 Searching for materials

1.5.1 Searching for works collections, writings, biographies, and more

a) Japanese

The following reference books are useful when searching for literature such as works collections, writings, biographies, and more.

Bibliography of Biographical and Prosopogrphical Works, [edited by] TRC (Japan). TRC (Japan), 2001, 3v. [R280.3||To72||1]
Bibliography of Biographical and Prosopographical Works 2, [edited by] TRC (Japan). TRC (Japan), 2001, 3v. [R280.3||To73||2]
Complete List of Biographies/ Part 1 Japanese and other oriental people/Part 2 Occidental people, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1991, 3v. [R280.3||N71||45/89]
[Nihon kenmei tosho mokuroku. 77 84 ; 15], [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Kinokuniya Shoten, 1985, 2v. [025||N71||15]
[Nihon kenmei tosho mokuroku. 77 84 ; 6] [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Kinokuniya Shoten, 1985, 700p. [025||N71||6]

The following materials are about artists involved in art movements since the 20th century listed in chronological order. It contains brief biographies for each artist and a color image of one of their representative works. A chronology, image list, and index of names can be found in the appendix at the end of the book. An English edition was published in 2019.

The 20th Century Art in Japan, [edited by] Tokyo Art Club. Heibonsha, 2014, 531p. [702.16||To46]
The 20th Century Art in Japan. Tokyo Art Club, 2019, 393p.[702.16||To46]

b) Foreign

We recommend the use of the catalogues raisonnés as they contain extensive information about foreign artists. Please refer to “b) Catalogues raisonnés” in “2.2.1 Books of artworks, catalogues raisonnés, exhibition catalogues

1.5.2 Using indexes

An index makes it easy to find where the information you need is written. There are indexes for names, terminology, topics, and more. The following indexes are useful for finding sources like encyclopedias that contain the information you seek.

Biographical Index of Reference Materials in Art, [edited by] Ekōin Haku. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1991–1992, 2v. [703||E44]
[Shoka gaka gagō (koshō) sakuin], [edited by] Ogasahara Naganori. [Japan Institute for Community Affairs], 2000, 2v. [R728.03||O22]
Biography Index, Japanese Modern Figures between 1868 to 1945, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1996–2000, 2v. [R281.03||N71]
The Artists of the World: Bio-bibliographical Index, A–Z. Engl., [edited by] K.G. Saur, 10v. [R703.5||Sa91]

The following online database allows you to select materials such as biographical dictionaries that contain name information for Japanese figures from Japanese books and journals collected by the National Diet Library. You can use keyphrases from bibliographies and records to search for information in the database.

[Japanese name information index database for Humanities (https://rnavi.ndl.go.jp/jinmei/)

Additionally, the following index can be useful for finding which books contain various chronological records and chronological tables.

General Index of Various Chronological Tables Contained in Books, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1998–2001, 2v. [R028||N71]

1.5.3 Exhibition catalogues

In addition to images of exhibited works, exhibition catalogues (illustrated books) include artist biographies, exhibition histories, descriptions of works, and lists of bibliographies. They are also useful for researching people.

a) ALC

At the Art Library Consortium (ALC), you can cross search the collections of art libraries.

The following twelve institutions are ALC participants (as of September 2019): The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura & Hayama; National Film Archive of Japan; The National Museum of Art, Osaka; The National Art Center, Tokyo; National Museum of Western Art; The MOMAT; Tokyo National Museum; Edo-Tokyo Museum; Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo; Tokyo Photographic Art Museum; Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum; and Yokohama Museum of Art.

ALC Cross-Search System

b) Bibliography of exhibition catalogues

The following is a bibliography of catalogues published in 2009. It includes 61,300 catalogues and illustrated books from exhibitions held in Japan during the 128 year-period from 1880 to 2007, collected by seven museums—MOMAT; Yokohama Museum of Art; National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo Photographic Art Museum; The National Art Center, Tokyo; Tokyo National Museum; and the Edo-Tokyo Museum.

Bibliography of Exhibition Catalogue in Japan, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2009, 2v. [703.1||N71]

For exhibition catalogues, refer to “3. How to find exhibition information”.

1.5.4 Magazine and newspaper articles

During exhibition periods, magazines and newspapers often publish articles and critiques of the artist and works. To find such newspaper articles, you can use reduced-size editions and databases from the newspaper companies.

This section contains tools that may be useful to you to search for art-related magazine articles. The following are tools for finding art-related magazine articles.

[Oya soichi bunko zasshi kiji sakuin somokuroku], Oya Soichi Library, 1985, 6v. [029.9||O94]
[Bijutsu kankei zasshi mokuji sōran. meiji taishō shōwa senzen (jinmei sakuin)], [edited by] Kobayashi Tadashi. Kokushokankokai Inc., 2000, 271p. [027.57||Ko12||4]

For a guide to finding magazine articles, refer to “4. How to find magazine information”.

1.5.5 Oral History

Transcripts of interviews with individuals involved in the field of art can be found at the Oral History Archives of Japanese Art website.

Oral History Archives of Japanese Art (http://www.oralarthistory.org/)

Oral History Archives of Japanese Art

To top of page


2. How to search for data on works


2.1 About work information

Work information refers to a variety of data related to a work of art, including the name of the work, the name of the artist, period, size, medium, and collection location. When searching for a work of art, people often use the title of the work or the name of the artist as a keyphrase. However, it is necessary to search carefully as names of works and artists and the way they are written in Japanese (especially for foreign works and artists) often vary. It is important not to give up when the data cannot be found immediately. Try changing the keyphrase, continue searching diligently, and double check.


2.2 Finding descriptions and images of works

This section is an explanation about how to search for works and images using reference books.

We mainly present research methods using books of artworks, exhibition catalogs, and catalogues raisonnés with the names of artists as keyphrases. However, because the MOMAT OPAC only searches for materials kept in the MOMAT Art Library, a search for materials not kept at the MOMAT Art Library will naturally not yield any results. Conversely, any materials that are found are materials that are kept at the MOMAT Art Library, and are by no means all of the relevant materials that exist in the world. To search through more materials, search the OPAC in other museums or use reference books.

The following are materials and methods that are useful for finding what kind of books there are that include images and descriptions of works, as well as where in which books you can find such images and descriptions.

2.2.1Books of artworks, catalogues raisonnés, and exhibition catalogues

In this section, we introduce you to tools used to find books of artworks, catalogues raisonnés, and exhibition catalogues.

a) Books of artworks

There are books with many images of works of art published as a single book or as part of a series of books (such as Gendai Nihon bijutsu zenshū (Shūeisha) and Nihon no meiga (Chuokoron‐sha Inc.)). Books of artworks and photographs can be searched from Complete List of Books of Paintings, Drawings, and Photographs in Japan below. Bibliographic information can be found from the author’s name, subject, and theme.

Complete List of Books of Paintings, Drawings, and Photographs in Japan, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2007, 882p. [720.3||N71||02/06]

b) Catalogues raisonnés (overview illustrated books of works)

A catalogue raisonné is a catalogue that categorizes and sorts the data and images of all works by an artist by period and subject.

To learn about a specific artist’s work, start by checking the artist’s catalogue raisonné if one has been published. A catalogue raisonné differs from a book of paintings. The images are often black and white and are usually not accompanied by descriptions. The reason for this is that catalogues raisonnés are edited with the primary focus on providing data about works rather than for art appreciation. They mainly contain basic information about the works such as size, period, medium, materials, and provenance. As the practice is not well established in Japan, there are few complete catalogues raisonnés that cover Japanese artists, and catalogues raisonnés for foreign artists are most often written in languages other than Japanese.

In this section, we introduce tools that can be used to check whether there are published catalogues raisonnés or books of artworks for particular artists. The following contains a list of bibliographies of catalogues raisonnés in alphabetical order of artist name.

Art Books: a basic bibliography of monographs on artists. 2nd ed., [edited by] W. Freitag, Garland Pub., 1997, 568p. [R703.1||F46]

The following includes compilation genres of catalogues raisonnés in addition to bibliographic information.

A.C.I. Art Catalogue Index: catalogues raisonnes & critical catalogues of artists 1780–2008: painting, sculpture, works on paper, prints, contemporary media, [compiled and realized by] Noëlle Corboz and Cécile de Pebeyre, BFAS Blondeau Fine Art Services, 2009, 512p. [703.1||C88]

The two sources below also depict the book covers of some catalogues raisonnés. They also allow you to search by theme (such as impressionism, forbism, etc.) and books of artworks sorted by country.

19c Art Books: a bibliography of artists and art in the 19th century, Nishio Eizo. Art & Books, 2013, 213p. [703.1||N86||2]
20/21c Art Books: a bibliography of artists and art movements in the 20th and 21st centuries, Nishio Eizo. Art & Books, 2004, 2v. [703.1||N86||3-1,3-2]

The following website operated by the International Foundation for Art Research (IFAR) enables you to check the publication status of published materials and catalogues raisonnés that are being prepared for publication.

●「IFAR Catalogues Raisonnés (IFAR)」(http://ifar.org/cat_rais.php)

Finally, we will introduce a tool used to search for catalogues raisonnés of artists who are active in the field of printing. In Japanese, it details the catalogues raisonnés of 100 modern print artists from Japan and abroad. From the artist index at the end of the book, you can look for publications by artist name (written in both English and Japanese).

[Gendai hanga sekai no hyakunin: katarogu rezone zen gaido], Hasegawa Kimiyuki. Eikō, 1996, 367p. [R730.3||H36]

Managed by the Print Council of America, the following website enables you to check the catalogues raisonnés of each printmaking artist.

●「Index to Print Catalogues Raisonné (IPCR)」(http://www.printcouncil.org/search/)

c) Exhibition catalogues

Exhibition catalogues are invaluable for finding data on works of art. Exhibitions may be named after individual artists, or they may be named after themes, so searching using artist names as keyphrases on OPAC will not always yield results. In such cases, we recommend you refer to “1. Finding information about people”, and try searching using keyphrases other than the name of the artist, such as the artist’s associated organizations and active periods. For more information on tools for searching exhibition catalogs, see “3. Finding exhibition information“.

2.2.2 Complete works collections

When looking for images and descriptions of works, it is important to check complete works collections. However, it is difficult to find the images you are looking for in such enormous collections. You can use reference books and indexes of complete works collections to aid you. By using indexes, you can find out where the images you seek are within the complete works of art.

2.2.3 Searching from reference books

This section primarily introduces reference books that can be used for finding the location of images and descriptions printed in complete works of art. You can use reference books to find information about the complete works in which an image of the artwork in question is printed. However, not all complete works are kept at the MOMAT Art Library. For complete works that are not kept at the MOMAT, it is necessary to find out which institutions have copies.

a) Japanese artworks

Title Index to Each Complete Series of Japanese Art is split into editions for paintings, sculptures, crafts, structures, ceramics, and calligraphy. Listed are the names of works in kana syllabary order for Japanese and alphabetical order for English, the name of the complete works that contains the page, and the image number. You can search by artist name in the indexes at the end of each volume.

Title Index to Each Complete Series of Japanese Art, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1992–. [703.3||N71]
Index to Each Complete Series of Japanese Art: history of Japanese, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2001, 815p. [703.3||N71||[3-1]]
Index to Each Complete Series of Japanese Art: history of oriental ceramics, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2001, 514p. [703.3||N71||[3-2]]
Index to Each Complete Series of Japanese Art: Japanese modern ceramics, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2001, 443p. [703.3||N71||[3-3]]

Using Modern paintings as an example, the range of the compilations in each volume and the total number of titles of referenced complete works collections is indicated in the following way.

Example: Modern paintings

 ● Compilation scope: Approximately 17,000 works produced since the Meiji period from about 1,530 artists (excluding Meiji period ukiyo-e)
 ● Referenced complete works collections: 60 titles

b) Western and Eastern paintings

Compilations include books of complete works of Western art (51 titles/species, published in the 1950s and 1997) collected by the Tokyo Metropolitan Central Library. This is an index tool that enables you to search for paintings created by approximately 3,100 Western artists as well as about 46,000 images. This tool is also available on CD-ROM. The work names are arranged by artist (listed in kana syllabary order of last and first name). If you do not know how a name is written in Japanese, you can find the Japanese notation by looking for the foreign language spelling in the index at the beginning of the book. You can also check the works of unknown artists. There is an index of names of works (Japanese/original spelling) at the end of the book.

Index to Each Complete Series of Western Art, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2005–, 3v. [703.3||N71||[1-1,2],[2]]
Index to Each Complete Series of Oriental Art, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2008, 8, 901p. [703.3||N71]
[Seiyō bijutsu zenshū kaiga sakuin], Tokyo Metropolitan Central Library, supervisor. Japan Library Association, 1999, 1527p. [R703.1||Se17]

Refer to the source below when you want to check the variation in titles that arise due to differences in katakana notation and translation for Western art works. Although this dictionary is used to check Western paintings and works data, the fact that its listings, which are sorted by artist name, include common names, alternative names, and subtitles in addition to the original names and Japanese names of works makes it a useful reference for keyphrases to use when searching. The dictionary is a compilation of artists from the 13th to 20th centuries.

A Dictionary of European and American Paintings, [edited by] Kimura Saburo et al. Sanseido Co. Ltd., 1994, 1078p. [R723.3||Se19]

c) Searching by name of model

You can search using the names of people who acted as models for portraits. Included works are portraits from ancient times to the present day in Japan, the East, and the West.

Index to Each Complete Series of Art: portraits, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2007, 2v. [703.3||N71||[1],[1-2]]

d) Works from ancient civilization

This is a series of reference dictionaries that can be used to search images included in complete works collections published since 1945 for the four cradles of civilization; ancient Greece and Rome; the Incan, Maya, and Aztec civilizations in Central and South America, and the Jomon, Yayoi and Kofun period civilizations of Japan.

Index to Each Complete Series of Art: ancient art, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2007–. [703.3||N71||[2]]

2.2.4 Searching from the combined indexes of complete works collections

This section explains how to look up information about works from the comprehensive indexes of complete works collections.

New History of World Art, [Western art] is sorted by theme and covers Western art from 10000 BC to the present age, with representative works presented chronologically. Maps, historical chronologies, major artists chronologies, glossaries, references, and indexes are included at the end of each volume. The comprehensive index is a separate volume. For images published in all 28 volumes, the artist names are generally sorted as headers (in kana syllabary order of last and first name) and titles of works sorted as subheaders. Additionally, representative works from each volume are presented at the beginning of the book, which is convenient if you are to browse through all volumes. The chronology of volumes and chapters, index of materials, and index of authors at the end of the volumes that indicate the connections between the eras and the subjects of each volume may also be of use.

New History of World Art, [Western art]. Shogakukan Publishing, 1992–1997, 29v. [L708||Se22||1-28]

An Eastern edition has also been published. It covers Eastern art excluding that of Japan from prehistoric times to the early 20th century. The book is structured in the same manner as the Western edition.

New History of World Art, [Oriental art]. Shogakukan Publishing, 1997–2001, 18v. [L708||Se22T||1-18]

Nihon bijutsu zenshū covers the history of art from the Jomon period to the 20th century by era, and introduces the characteristics and differences of each period using images and descriptions. There are chronologies for each era at the end of each volume. The comprehensive index and the materials themselves are separate volumes. The comprehensive index indicate both the titles of the works and the names of the artists. In addition, “Materials: List of Collected Writings and Color Artwork Data” includes an introduction to each volume and a guide to color images.

[Nihon bijutsu zenshū], Kōdansha, 1990–1994, 26v. [L708||N71||1-26]

Genshoku gendai Nihon no bijutsu introduces Japanese art since the Meiji period categorized by field. An index has not been published as a separate volume, but a “List of Authors and Works” can be found in some of the supplementary monthly reports. This list is somewhat difficult to search through as artists are sorted by birthplace. If you are searching for a post-modern artist and you already know his or her relevant field(s), it is recommended that you look at the chronologies/artist introductions/collected image catalogues at the end of each volume.

[Genshoku gendai Nihon no bijutsu], Shogakukan Publishing, 1978–1980, 18v. [L702.16||G34||1-18]


2.3 Finding the first exhibit in which a work was featured

If you are searching for works using the MOMAT OPAC and you know the name of its first exhibition (the exhibition in which the work was first exhibited/uncovered), look for the exhibition catalog first. For solo exhibitions, try using the artist’s name as a search keyphrase.

2.3.1 Searching for materials related to art groups

If the first exhibition of a work was a group exhibition rather than a solo exhibition, look for a group exhibition catalogue (hereinafter referred to as group catalogue). When searching for a group catalogue, try using the group name as a search keyphrase. When researching, you may want to check other materials such as group history and group exhibition records in addition to group catalogues.

2.3.2 Group catalogues (reprints and compilations)

This is a series of reprinted/compiled catalogues by group for exhibitions held between the first year of the Meiji period and before World War II. The title of each volume is supplemented with the name of the group.

[Kindai nihon āto katarogu korekushon], [edited by] Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties. Yumanishobo, 2001–2008, 89v. [702.16||To46||1-89]

2.3.3 Group histories

Group histories are often published as the “XX Year History” or “XX Commemorative Exhibition” of the group. Nittenshi and The 100 Years of the Nippon Bijutsuin are two representative histories. They are both large compilations that span multiple volumes.

a) Nittenshi

This record the Nitten Foundation (reorganized as Nitten) covers the Nitten exhibitions from the first Bunten exhibition (1907) to the Imperial Art Exhibition or the Teiten, and Shinnitten exhibitions, and so forth to the present day. This source can be used to check award winners and reviews as well as the catalogs of exhibitions and images of exhibited works.

For the 1st Bunten exhibition in 1907 to the 13th Nitten exhibition in 1957, two catalogues have been published—Zen shuppin mokuroku, which lists works exhibited by genre, and Shuppinreki sakuin, which lists works by the artist name. These are important tools for learning about art movements in the art world apart from Nitten.

[Nittenshi], [edited by] Nitten. Nitten, 1980–2002, 41v.[706.2||N88||1-41]
[Bunten, Teiten, Shin Bunten, Nitten zen shuppin mokuroku: Meiji 40-nen–Shōwa 32-nen], [edited by] Nitten. Nitten, 1990, 617p. [706.2||N88]
[Bunten teiten shin bunten nitten shuppinreki sakuin: meijishijūnen shōwasanjūninen], [edited by] Nitten. Nitten, 1990, 133p. [706.2||N88]

The evolution of the Nitten exhibition is indicated in a simple table in Bunten teiten shin bunten nitten shuppinreki sakuin: meijishijūnen shōwasanjūninen.

You can use the National Diet Library Research Navi to easily track the evolution of Nitten.

● National Diet Library Research Navi, Nitten (The Japan Fine Arts Exhibition), Guide (National Diet Library)(https://rnavi.ndl.go.jp/research_guide/entry/theme-honbun-101097.php)

b) The 100 Years of the Nippon Bijutsuin

With a focus on images and catalogues of exhibitions held by the Japan Art Institute (commonly known as “Inten”) from the days of Okakura Tenshin in 1898 to the present day, the end of each volume covers a variety of information related to the Japan Art Institute, including artist introductions and chronologies as well as retrospectives, recollections, and exhibition reviews of deceased colleagues. A separate volume contains a combined tables of contents index, personal name index, and an image index. You can check what works are listed for each type of image in kana syllabary order of last name and first name.

The 100 Years of the Nippon Bijutsuin, [edited by] The Nippon Bijutsuin. The Nippon Bijutsuin, 1989–2004, 19v. [706.2||N71||1-15、索引]

2.3.4 Yearbooks

Year book of Japanese Art is a basic tool that can be used to learn about art movements and major news in the art industry over the course of a year. For details, refer to “1.4.4 Yearbooks.”

Content may vary somewhat depending on the period, but information such as profiles and exhibitions of each group, illustrated books, and article information are included in addition to lists of major groups. Until the 1973 edition, images of notable works unveiled that year were published along with the names of the exhibitions they were featured in (group exhibition name/number). Be aware of the difference between the year of compilation and the year noted in the title of the materials. It is important to check the legend. For example, the 2017 (2017 fiscal year) yearbook covers January to December 2016.

Year book of Japanese Art is available in PDF format at Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties – Publication Repository.

● “Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties – Publication Repository – Year book of Japanese Art (Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties)” (https://tobunken.repo.nii.ac.jp/?action=repository_opensearch&index_id=873)

2.3.5 Magazines

For exhibitions of major groups, articles may have been published in art magazines of the period. You may be able to find more detailed information by searching art magazine indexes and tables of contents from the period.

Reviews of major group exhibitions are published in Gekkan Bijutsu.

[Gekkan Bijutsu], [San Art], 1975–. [ZW||ケ]


2.4 Finding collection locations

Information about where a work is collected can be useful for identifying a particular work when there are multiple works of the same title by the same artist. For example, old paintings and scrolls are known by their (former and current) collection location and history, and are thus distinguishable from others of the same name. This section introduces comprehensive catalogues and collection catalogues that can be used to search for collection locations.

a) Finding collection locations in Japan

Many museums publish their own collection catalogues and masterpiece catalogues.

Collection catalogues and illustrated books are edited as lists of collected works at each museum. If you already know where a work is collected, first check the collection catalogues.

The following source is a specific example of collection catalogue from the Tokyo National Museum.

Illustrated Catalogue of Tokyo National Museum, [edited by] Tokyo National Museum. Tokyo National Museum 1960–. [CC||NM1]

You can check whether a member museum of the Japanese Council of Art Museums has published its collection catalog from the link below.

Zenkoku bijutsukan kaigi kaiinkan shuzohin mokuroku sōran 2014 (https://www.zenbi.jp/data_list.php?g=93&d=13)

Information about newly collected works may be included in annual reports published by museums.

The following is a list of the main catalogs that can be used to search for collection locations in Japan. Each source only contains basic information such as the name of the work, the name of the artist, size, medium, and collection location.

The General Catalogue of Learned Materials in Japan [bijutsu kōgei], [edited by] [Asahi Press]. almic, 1982, 1v. [R703.8||A41||83]
The General Catalogue of Learned Materials in Japan [shoseki tenseki komonjo], [edited by] [Asahi Press]. almic, 1982, 1v. [R703.8||A41||83]
The General Catalogue of Learned Materials in Japan [bijutsu kōgei], [edited by] [Asahi Press]. Asahi Press, 1988, 1618p. [R703.8||A41||88-1]
The General Catalogue of Learned Materials in Japan [shoseki tenseki komonjo], [edited by] [Asahi Press]. Asahi Press, 1988, 1343p. [R703.8||A41||88-2]
[Zenkoku bijutsukan hakubutsukan shozō bijutsuhin mokuroku. kaiga(sakushiya)], [edited by] Agency for Cultural Affairs. Agency for Cultural Affairs 1983, 738p. [CC||JA||3-3]
[Zenkoku bijutsukan hakubutsukan shozō bijutsuhin mokuroku. Kaiga(bijutsukan hakubutsukan)], [edited by] Agency for Cultural Affairs. Agency for Cultural Affairs 1983, 1102p. [CC||JA||3-5]
[Zenkoku bijutsukan hakubutsukan shozō bijutsuhin mokuroku. Kaiga(kobijiyu)], [edited by] Agency for Cultural Affairs. Agency for Cultural Affairs 1983, 140p. [CC||JA||3-2]
[Zenkoku bijutsukan hakubutsukan shozō bijutsuhin mokuroku. chiyōkoku] [Not kept at our library]
[Zenkoku bijutsukan hakubutsukan shozō bijutsuhin mokuroku. hanga], [edited by] Agency for Cultural Affairs. Agency for Cultural Affairs, 1986, 382p. [CC||JA||3-1]

b) Finding collection locations overseas

The World ’s Master Paintings lists the names of collected works and the museums where they are collected for Western paintings from the 13th to the 20th century. To find the museum where a Western painting is collected, you can also use A dictionary of European and American Paintings.

The World’s Master Paintings, vol.1-2., [edited by] C. Wright. Routledge, 1992. 2v. [R703.8||W94||1,2]

Benezitt’s Dictionary of Artists is an artist dictionary that also contains lists of museums where works are collected and records of major auctions, and can therefore also be used as a tool to find information about works.

Dictionary of Artits, [edited by] Benezit. Grund, 2006, 14v. [703.3||B35||1-14]

The Museums of the World contains representative works collected by each museum. It contains many images, so it can be useful if you know the museum where a work is collected beforehand. The 100th issue contains a “General Index of Works by Painter” and “General Index of Works by Region”.

The Museums of the World, Kōdansha, 2000–2002, 100v. [ZW||シ]


2.5 Information about national treasures and important cultural properties

In terms of information about works, national treasures and important cultural properties are indexed the same way. In the last several years, many art works created since the Meiji period have been designated as important cultural properties.

This section introduces representative materials containing information on works that are designated as national treasures and important cultural properties.

a) Nationally designated cultural properties (up to the 1998 fiscal year)

The following sources contain basic data and images for all nationally designated treasures/important cultural properties. The data is not accompanied by descriptions. Works in Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen. bekkan are indexed by owner and title.

[Kaiga], [edited by] [The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.]. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd., 1997–1999, 2v. (Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen) [709.1||Ko47||1,2]
[Chōkoku], [edited by] [The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.]. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd., 1998–1999, 2v. (Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen) [709.1||Ko47||3,4]
[Kōgeihin], [edited by] [The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.]. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd., 1998–1999, 2v. (Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen) [709.1||Ko47||5,6]
[Shoseki], [edited by] [The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.]. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd., 1998–1999, 2v. (Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen) [709.1||Ko47||7,8]
[Kōko shiryō], [edited by] [The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.]. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd., 1997, 1v. (Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen) [709.1||Ko47||9]
[Rekishi shiryo], [edited by] [The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.]. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd., 1998, 1v. (Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen) [709.1||Ko47||10]
[Kenzobutsu], [edited by] [The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.]. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd., 1998–2000, 2v. (Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen) [709.1||Ko47||11,12]
[Kokuhō jūyō bunkazai taizen. bekkan], Agency for Cultural Affairs, supervisor. The Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.,2000, 1v. [709.1||Ko47||13]

The following is a list of art and craft works that have been deemed important cultural properties (including national treasures) in accordance with the Cultural Properties Protection Act. They have been catalogued as of June 1998 and are listed by prefecture. Images are not included.

[Kokuhō, jūyō bunkazai sōgō mokuroku. Bijutsu kōgeihin hen], [edited by] Kokuhō Jūyō Bunkazai Mokuroku Hensankai. Gyosei, 1999, 2v. [R709||Ko45||1,2]

b) Nationally designated cultural properties (since the 1998 fiscal year)

Accompanied by descriptions, lists of works that were designated as cultural properties each year can be found in the May to July issues of the magazine Gekkan bunkazai as well as the July and August issues of Bunkacho geppo.

For example, the article for the designation of “South Wind” (1907) by Wada Sanzo as an important cultural property can be found in the 657th issue of Gekkan bunkazai (published in June 2018).

[Gekkan bunkazai], no. 657, Agency for Cultural Affairs, 2018.

Note that you can search for Gekkan bunkazai articles in the National Diet Library’s Japanese periodicals index. The print version of the Gekkan bunkazai was discontinued after the 510th issue, published in March 2011. Issue 511 (April 2011) and later were published on the Agency for Cultural Affairs website, but they were discontinued after the release of the 546th issue (March 2014). Past issues can still be viewed on the agency’s website.

[Gekkan bunkazai], Cultural Properties Protection Commission of Japan, supervisor. DAI-ICHI HOKI Co., Ltd., 1963–. [ZW||ケ]
[Bunkacho geppo], [edited by] Agency for Cultural Affairs. Agency for Cultural Affairs, 1968–2011. [KB||フ]
[Bunkacho geppo] back number (Agency for Cultural Affairs) (http://www.bunka.go.jp/pr/publish/bunkachou_geppou/backnumber.html)

c) Online

ColBase can be used to search the collections of national museums. From e-Kokuho, you can view images of national treasures and important cultural properties collected by four national museums, accompanied by descriptions.

●ColBase, Integrated Collections Database of the National Museums, Japan (National Institutes for Cultural Heritage) (https://colbase.nich.go.jp/)
●e-Kokuho (National Institutes for Cultural Heritage) (http://www.emuseum.jp/)

Some cultural properties can be viewed with images and descriptions at Cultural Heritage Online, which is operated by the Agency for Cultural Affairs. You can also use the Japanese Designated Cultural Property Database to search by name, location, or owner to find information on cultural properties that were designated, registered, and selected by the government in accordance with the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties.

●Cultural Heritage Online (Agency for Cultural Affairs) (https://bunka.nii.ac.jp/)
●[Japanese Designated Cultural Property Database] (Agency for Cultural Affairs) (https://kunishitei.bunka.go.jp/bsys/index_pc.asp)

Japan Search is a national, integrated and cross-sectoral portal website that you can use to search metadata of digital archives of various spheres including books, cultural assets, and media arts. A beta version has been available since February 2019.

● Japan Search (BETA) (National Diet Library)(https://jpsearch.go.jp/)

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3. How to search for information about exhibitions

3.1 About exhibition information

Exhibition information primarily refers to the five following items of information.

• Exhibition dates and locations
• Works featured at exhibitions
• Artists featured at exhibitions
• Written materials created for the exhibition
• Brief reviews that evaluate the exhibition (exhibition reviews)

The following section introduces you to how to find information about exhibitions held at museums, etc.


3.2 Finding information on exhibitions held at museums

Many exhibitions are held at museums across the country, and various methods of acquiring exhibition information exist. As some information may not be found at our library, this section will guide you on how to obtain information from external sources by using the Internet and other art libraries.

Starting with how to find the exhibition catalogues, which is the most important source of information about exhibitions, this guide will take you step by step through the process of finding past exhibition information, current exhibition information, and scheduled exhibition information.

3.2.1 Finding exhibition catalogues

This section is a guide to searching using the MOMAT OPAC. This will be followed by a guide to checking information about collections at other museums.

a) How to search for book forms

You can do an advanced search of the MOMAT OPAC by selecting Exhibition Catalog as the material type and entering the names of exhibitions or artists as keyphrases. If a search yields too many results, you can filter the search by including search conditions such as the name of the museum that the exhibition was held at and the year of publication. You should also keep in mind that “CO” in a call number refers to a solo exhibition, whereas “CG” refers to a group exhibition, in the same fashion as MOMAT exhibition catalogues.

b) Information about collections at other museums (database)

Try checking the ALC Cross-search System first. For details, refer to “a) ALC” under “1.5.3 Exhibition catalogues.”

ALC Cross-Search System

You can also conduct searches on websites of art university libraries and public libraries. You can use OPAC to check bibliographic information in addition to exhibition dates and locations.

• Tokyo Metropolitan Library (http://www.library.metro.tokyo.jp/)
• Joshibi University of Art and Design Library (http://library.joshibi.ac.jp/)
• Tama Art University Library (https://www.tamabi.ac.jp/tosho/)
• Tokyo University of the Arts. University Library (https://www.lib.geidai.ac.jp/)
• Tokyo Zokei University Library (https://www.zokei.ac.jp/)
• Musashino Art University Museum & Library (https://mauml.musabi.ac.jp/)

c) Information about collections at other museums (reference books)

You can view systematically classified lists of 60,000 catalogues by theme/field (paintings, sculptures, crafts, photographs, calligraphy, history, etc.) for major exhibitions held in Japan since the Meiji period to the present, collected by seven national public museums.
The exhibition periods, venues, sponsors, and collection location of the catalogues are listed in addition to basic bibliographic information about the catalogues. At the end of the volume, there is an “index of names of people/items” and an “index of organizer names” that can be browsed by artist name and theme. The latest information can be searched using the Art Library Cross Search.

Bibliography of Exhibition Catalogue in Japan, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 2009.1, 2v. [703.1||N71]

This catalogue source contains bibliographic data of approximately 15,000 Japanese exhibition catalogs received by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo up to March 1999. Catalogues made before 1999 that could not be found on the MOMAT OPAC should be found in this source. The catalogue source is divided into two volumes—the main text and index. The index edition can be searched by catalog title, artist (kana), artist (alphabet), museum (kana), and museum (alphabet). All catalogs are assigned a 4-digit number, so if you refer to a main text volume based on that number, you can find information such as the title, publishing information, date/venue, and name of artist of exhibited work. Additionally, the main text volumes are arranged in order of classification number, enabling you to directly search for exhibitions related to a specific field.

[Tōkyōto gendai bijutsukan shozō tenrankai katarogu mokuroku], [edited by] Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo, 2000.3–. [R029.6||To46]

You can view a list of “shisei exhibitions” held by department store art departments and Japanese art dealers (of new works) from before the war to after the war. In addition to exhibition names, periods/venues, sponsors, and exhibited works, this source introduces important reference literature about the sources and exhibitions of this information.

[Tankokai sansankai shobiten kara tokyokai made], [edited by] Tokyo Art Club. Yagi Shoten, 2012, xiv, 521p [706.9||To46]
[Tōkyō ni okeru hyakkaten gashō no nihonga tenkan], [edited by] Tokyo Art Club. Yagi Shoten, 2015, xiii, 719p [706.9||To46||2]

d) Overseas exhibition catalogues

The following is a reference tool for searching catalogues of exhibitions held overseas.

The Worldwide Bibliography of Art Exhibition Catalogs contains data for catalogues of exhibitions held around the world from 1963 to 1987. The volumes are arranged by geographic region and genre and can be searched from the comprehensive index.

The Worldwide Bibliography of Art Exhibition Catalogues, 1963–1987 vol.1.–3., [edited by] Worldwide Books. Kraus International Pub., 1992, 3 v. [R703.1||W88]

You can search for recent catalogues on the website below. In order to access the actual catalogues, use the information acquired in this source to search the MOMAT OPAC, ALC, and databases of other organizations.

Worldwide Books Exhibition Catalogues and Other Books on Art (http://www.worldwide-artbooks.com/)

Arcade is a system that enables you to perform cross-searches of the OPACs of the three institutions that comprise the New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC)—the Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives, the Frick Art Reference Library, and the Museum of Modern Art Library.

Arcade (NYARC) (http://arcade.nyarc.org/)

3.2.2 Finding information on past exhibitions

Information on past exhibitions refers to information about and records of the dates and locations of exhibitions that have already been held. To search for this information on exhibitions with accompanying catalogues, refer to the previous section and search for the catalogue to identify information such as the name of the museum and the period in which the exhibition was held. If no catalogue was issued, refer to “1. How to search for information about people” to find the artist biography, exhibition history, and other information and collect data on the exhibition. To obtain a variety of information about an exhibition, you can use the reference tools introduced below after collecting data as described above and identifying the museum and year of the exhibition.

a) Annual reports/newsletters

If you already know the exhibition period and venue information, you may be able to obtain details of the exhibition information by referring to an annual report or newsletter that was issued at the venue. You can check the OPAC to see if the issue you are looking for is available. The contents of annual reports and newsletters vary depending on the museum, but they often include exhibition notices, reports, and contributed writings. Furthermore, they may list records of related events and symposiums held during the exhibition period.

b) Yearbooks

Yearbooks are basic tools for learning about industry art movements from each year. It covers art movements and major news, and more in the art world for each year. Content may vary somewhat depending on the year, but the main topics covered are the annual history of the art world, major exhibitions, art bibliographies, and the deceased. For details, refer to “1.4.4 Yearbooks.”

c) Magazines

Art Exhibition Commentary is a quarterly magazine that mainly publishes exhibition reviews.

Art Exhibition Commentary: what is art?, Art village, 1999–2003. [ZW||テ]

In many cases, exhibition reviews are also published in other magazines, and these articles can be used as records of exhibitions as well as for learning about how the exhibitions were regarded. For a guide to finding information about articles within magazines, refer to “4. How to find magazine information”.

d) Others

The following is a report summarizing the history of art exhibitions held at Japanese art museums since 1945. You can check the exhibition names, periods, sponsorship/cooperation, and exhibition catalog data for each museum from eight major art libraries in Tokyo and Yokohama.

[Nihon no bijutsu tenrankai kaisai jisseki: hōkokusho], [edited by] Japan Association for Cultural Exchange Art Catalog Library. Japan Association for Cultural Exchange Art Catalog Library, 2003.3–. [R706.9||Ko51]

The following is a collection of information about exhibitions of contemporary art held mainly in Japan from 1935 to the present. You can search using three items of information—venue, exhibition name, and the year the exhibition was held. Select “Art exhibitions” from the “Information search” tab.

● Independent Administrative Institution National Institutes for Cultural Heritage Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties – Department of Art Research, Archives and Information Systems (http://archives.tobunken.go.jp/archives/)

You can search the periods, venues, sponsors, and collections of exhibition catalogues for special exhibitions, special displays, and extensively planned permanent exhibitions held by art museums nationwide between the years of 1945 and 2005.

[Records of art exhibitions held in Japan, 1945–2005] (The National Art Center, Tokyo)

You can use keyphrases to search for information on art exhibitions held around the country. Additionally, you can view exhibition information from various perspectives, including a list of exhibition titles and venues in kana syllabary order, a list sorted by year, and a list sorted by prefecture of venue in addition to a list of current and upcoming exhibitions.

[art commons — Search for exhibition information] (The National Art Center, Tokyo)

3.2.3 Finding information on current (scheduled) exhibitions

This section covers a number of ways to find information about current and scheduled exhibitions. You can start looking for information about current and upcoming exhibitions by using tools like magazines and the Internet.

a) Japanese publications

Gallery is the monthly magazine that lists the largest number of exhibitions. In addition to upcoming exhibitions scheduled to be held in various parts of Japan, this magazine provides monthly schedules sorted by museum, department store, and gallery, as well as exhibition introductions.

Gallery, [Bazu], 1985–. [ZW||キ]

Bijutsu techo covers the latest information on art and artists, exhibition information, and reviews from Japan and abroad. Although it has not been published since the April/May 2018 issue, the pamphlet “ART NAVI (Monthly Museum/Gallery Guide)” lists exhibitions that were held during the period of publication.

Bijutsu techo, Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 1988–. [ZW||ヒ]

Furthermore, schedules for exhibitions held in Japan can be found in the sources below.

The Window of Arts, Seikatsu no Tomo Co., 2005–. [ZW||ヒ]
[Gekkan bijutsu], San Āto, 1975–. [ZW||ケ]

The shin bijutsu shinbun is issued early in the month, the middle of the month, and late in the month for a total of three times each month. The newspaper issued at the beginning of each month contains the exhibition schedule for the month. In March of every year, a complete schedule of exhibitions for the year is published.

[The shin bijutsu shinbun], Bijutsu-Nenkansha Co.,Ltd., 1971–. [ZW||シ]

b) Overseas publications

This section covers magazines that contain information about exhibitions in major cities around the world.

The Art Newspaper publishes a separate volume called “Review.” Its “Calendar” section contains schedules for exhibitions at museums and galleries around the world.

The Art Newspaper. Umberto Allemandi, 1990–, Monthly[ZY||A]

c) Online

In recent years, the official websites of many museums have been renewed, making it easier to access information about exhibitions online. The website below offers information about exhibitions with included links to the websites of each museum.

Clicking “Exhibition Schedule” on the homepage of Art Scape allows you to check information about exhibitions around the country sorted by region. (Information is updated on the 1st and 15th of each month.) Additionally, clicking “Museum Database” on the homepage will lead you to information about museums nationwide, which has been made into a database that can be searched using a map.

Artscape (Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.) (http://artscape.jp/)

Internet Museum allows you find information about exhibitions and facilities by searching for museums. You can check information for exhibitions and events by selecting a date in their museum calendar. For registered events and exhibitions, you can view images of flyers and other detailed information.

Internet Museum (TANSEISHA Co., Ltd.) (http://www.museum.or.jp/)


3.3 Finding information on exhibitions held by art associations

This section goes over how to find information on exhibition held by art associations. Art associations often use exhibitions as places of activity. Exhibition catalogs are an essential source of information that can be used to research art associations. This section will start with an explanation on how to search for catalogues, then introduce you to some recently reprinted catalogues of exhibitions and featured works.

3.3.1 Finding catalogues of exhibitions held by art associations

An exhibition catalogue created at the time of an opening of an exhibition by an art association will include images of featured works, lists of featured artists, and catalogues of featured works. Catalogues and works collections marked as “XXth anniversary” may contain information related to the association including writings and chronological records.

Searching the MOMAT OPAC using the names of associations or exhibitions as keyphrases will yield results from the exhibition catalogs. Even if you find results for catalogues made by an association you are researching, not all volumes/issues will necessarily be available, so be sure to check availability as well.

If you cannot find an exhibition catalogue from the MOMAT OPAC, you may be able to find some kind of information in art yearbooks. Year Book of Japanese Art, Bijutsu Techo, and other sources contain many entries about art associations. With regards to the items of exhibition information detailed above, Year Book of Japanese Art contains records of works featured in exhibitions held by major art associations in addition to exhibition dates and locations. Furthermore, brief entries may be found in the specialized dictionaries covered in “1. How to search for information about people”.


3.4 Finding reprinted catalog materials

The following source is a collection of materials obtained from valuable catalogues that cannot currently be viewed with ease.

It is a series of collections of reprinted material from art exhibitions, including that produced by art associations that were active from the Meiji to the early Showa eras. This series allows you to view valuable materials including images, catalogues, and related writings.

[Kindai nihon āto katarogu korekushon], Yumanishobo, 2001–2008, 89v. [702.16||To46]

This is a compilation of materials including catalogues for auctions and collections of Western paintings owned by Tadamasa Hayashi, a Paris-based art dealer who introduced Japanese art to Europe and impressionism to Japan. There are 5 volumes in total.

Collection Hayashi, Kigi Yasuko, supervisor. Yumanishobo, 2000, 5v. [706.7||H48]

The following is a list of works featured in the 1st (1877) to 5th (1903) national industrial exhibitions held during Meiji period. An index of full names and an index of issue names can be found at the end of the list.

[Naikoku Kangyō Hakurankai bijutsuhin shuppin mokuroku], [edited by] Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties. Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, 1996, 476, 70p. [R702.16||To46]

The following is a list of works featured at nine major world expositions held abroad from the end of the Edo period to the Meiji period. An index of full names and an index of issue names can be found at the end of the list.

[Meijiki bankoku hakurankai bijutsuhin shuppin mokuroku], [edited by] Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties. Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, 1997, 403, 109p. [R702.16||To46]

The following is a list of works at exhibitions held by five major art associations during the Meiji period. Works are sorted by associations according to the order in which the exhibitions were held and the names of the artists.

[Meijiki bijutsu tenrankai shuppin mokuroku], [edited by] Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties. Chuo-Koron Bijutsu Shuppan, 1994, 236, 285p. [R702.16||To46]

The following is a list of works at 33 major exhibitions held in Japan, mainly in the Taisho era. A list of artists sorted in kana syllabary order can be found at the end of the list.

[Taishoki bijutsu tenrankai shuppin mokuroku], [edited by] Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties. Chuo-Koron Bijutsu Shuppan, 2002, 589, 81p. [R702.16||To46]

The following is a list of works at 32 major exhibitions held in Japan, mainly in the pre-war Showa period (1926–1945). A list of artists sorted in kana syllabary order can be found at the end of the list.

[Showaki bijutsu tenrankai shuppin mokuroku], [edited by] Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties. Chuo-Koron Bijutsu Shuppan, 2006, 925,153p. [702.16||To46||[1]]


3.5 Finding museum data

This section introduces reference books that can be used to find data such as locations of museums, contact information, and opening hours.

a) Information about museums in Japan

On the Japanese Council of Art Museums website, there is a link to a page of associated museums called “Zenbi Museums.”

● The Japanese Council of Art Museums (https://www.zenbi.jp/)

Museum in Japan collects information on 1,780 museums nationwide, including art museums and other museums. Museums are arranged by region, but you can also find them in kana order of museum name at the index at the end of the book.

Museum in Japan, [edited by] The Japanese Council of Art Museums. Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 2001, 599p. [706.9||Z3]

Museums of private collections in Japan: A directory contains information on museums that were mainly founded for 185 individual collections nationwide. Many small museums are also featured in the directory, but some of the information overlaps with information found in the aforementioned guide Museum in Japan. The directory features a unique index at the end of the book that allows you to search by name of collector.

Museums of Private Collections in Japan: a directory, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1998, 9, 398p. [R703.3||N88]

Memorial Museums of Famous People in Japan contains information on approximately 300 museums built in commemoration of individuals including artists. An index of museum names and an index of personal names can be found at the end of the book.

Memorial Museums of Famous People in Japan, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1996, 14, 561p. [R069.035||N71]

The following guides were also compiled with specific conditions in mind.

Museums of Historical Collections in Japan: a directory, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1999, 11, 509p. [R069.33||N71]
Museums Established by Private Enterprises in Japan: a directory, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1997, 9, 423p. [R069||N88]

b) Information about museums abroad

You can use the following reference books to look for information on museums and galleries overseas.

International Directory of Arts consists of three volumes that contain contact information for museums, galleries and related institutions worldwide. You can use Volume 1 to search for art museums. You can search by country or region name.

International Directory of Arts, De Gruyter Saur, annual [R703.5||I57]

Museums of the World contains contact information for museums, galleries, and other institutions from around the world compiled in two volumes. The index at the end of Volume 2 can be searched for distinguished persons, museum staff, and subject.

Museums of the World, De Gruyter Saur, annual [705||Sa91]

Furthermore, some magazines may contain information about museums and galleries. The following are two examples.

Each year’s August issue of Art in America contains contact information for museums and galleries in the United States. Data on exhibitions and featured artists may be included, and the magazine can be a source for detailed data on information related to art in the United States.

Art in America: an illustrated magazine, Brandt Art Publications, monthly [ZY||A]

Art Diary is a directory that is published annually by Flash Art Books in Italy. It covers data on artists, museums, and galleries worldwide.

Art Diary: the world’s art directory, Giancarlo Politi, annual [705||A79]

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4. How to search for information about periodicals

Table of contents:
4.1 About magazine information
4.2 Bibliographic information for magazines
4.3 Information for each issue and collection information
4.4 Article information
4.5 About art-related institutions


4.1 About magazine information

A magazine is a periodical that is published in order of volume or year and month, without a scheduled end. Rather than book form, various forms such as microfilm, CD-ROMs, and electronic mediums such as online magazines are included. At the library, these are referred to as “serial publications.” This section introduces conventions that are useful to know when using magazines, as well as the main tools you can use to search for magazine information.

Talking about “magazine information” is rather vague, so this section focuses on magazine articles. Searching for magazine articles is different from searching for books. A clear distinction must be made between searching for certain magazine titles and searching for magazine articles. First of all, we should define the four levels of a magazine’s structure.

To search for magazine articles, these four items of information are required—the name of the magazine, the issue, the name of the article, and where the article is located. These are the four levels at which a magazine is organized.

  1. The name of the magazine corresponds to bibliographic information. In other words, this information pertains to all magazines published under the same title. Bibliographic information also refers to information other than titles, such as publishers, when the publications are launched and discontinued, whether they are weekly or monthly, and other information.
  2. Next, we cover the magazine issue. This includes information about a specific issue of a magazine, such as the volume and issue number, when it was issued, and what the special feature was.
  3. Finally, there is the article name information which shows which issue of which magazine an article is published in. This includes article titles, authors, the pages an article starts and ends on, and other information.
  4. When searching for magazine articles in a library, you must also verify another variable—whether that article is available in that library. This topic, which will be covered later, is another aspect of information about the issue. Information related to whether a magazine is kept at a library, such as what specific issues are available at that library and whether they are still accepting new issues fall under the topic of collection information. By finding out the collection information of an issue you are looking for, you can determine whether the issue is in the library.

4.2 Bibliographic information for magazines

It is difficult to find an article without knowing the title of the magazine. This tells us that titles are the most important item of bibliographic information. In addition to the title, searching is made easier if you know any other bibliographic information such as the publisher or when the publication was launched or discontinued. This is because there are a surprising amount of magazines that share the same title.

Another factor is the title changes unique to the bibliographic information of magazines. An example is Mizue, a periodical published by Shunchokai which was discontinued in August 1941, then subsequently relaunched as Shin-Bijutsu. It was then renamed Bijutsu, then renamed yet again after the war to its original name, Mizue. Title changes are common with magazines. Furthermore, publishers and the frequency of issues often change along the way. For these reasons, it is beneficial to have as much bibliographic information as possible.

a) Searching online

When you actually conduct a search using the MOMAT OPAC, you can see the bibliographic information of a magazine on the search results screen. You can identify a magazine from this bibliographic information. Additionally, you can check the OPACs and catalogues of other libraries to check for collections of magazines that are not available at the MOMAT Art Library. You may be able to find bibliographic information that could not be found using only the MOMAT OPAC if you check information held by other libraries.

If you are unable to find the materials you are looking for from the MOMAT OPAC, try using the ALC Cross-search System. For details, refer to “a) ALC” under “1.5.3 Exhibition catalogues.”

ALC Cross-Search System

You can also search for magazine bibliographies using the National Institute of Informatics CiNii Articles and CiNii Books, NDL Online, NDL Search, and the OPACs of Tokyo Metropolitan Library and art university libraries.

CiNii Articles (http://ci.nii.ac.jp/)
CiNii Books (http://ci.nii.ac.jp/books/)
NDL Online (https://ndlonline.ndl.go.jp/#!/)
NDL Search (http://iss.ndl.go.jp/)
• Tokyo Metropolitan Library (http://www.library.metro.tokyo.jp/)
• Joshibi University of Art and Design Library (http://library.joshibi.ac.jp/)
• Tama Art University Library (https://www.tamabi.ac.jp/tosho/)
• Tokyo University of the Arts. University Library (https://www.lib.geidai.ac.jp/)
• Tokyo Zokei University Library (https://www.zokei.ac.jp/)
• Musashino Art University Museum & Library (https://mauml.musabi.ac.jp/)

For Western magazines, it may be useful to refer to OPACs for the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) and the Getty Foundation.

DADABASE. Museum of Modern Art, New York (http://arcade.nyarc.org/search~S8)
Getty Research Institute Search Tools and Databases. The J. Paul Getty Trust (http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/)

b) Searching by book form

Despite its book form,Tōkyōto bijutsukanzō bijutsu zasshi mokuroku is a very convenient tool that covers many art magazines and contains simple bibliographical introduction. Other similar library catalogs can also be useful for checking annotations without actually visiting a library.

[Tōkyōto bijutsukanzō bijutsu zasshi mokuroku. 1987], [edited by] Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Art. Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. [027.5||To46||1987]

There may be times when you want to conduct extensive research on a particular magazine. The following tools can help you research a magazine from multiple perspectives.

To see a bibliographical introduction of a magazine’s significance at the time and its contents, you can check a magazine dictionary. The first of the two sources below is a typical dictionary that covers magazines since the Meiji era. This dictionary originally covered modern literature, but it also covers many art magazines. If you cannot find the magazine you are looking for, you can use the second dictionary to locate literature written about the magazine.

[Nihon kindai bungaku daijiten. 5], [edited by] The Museum of Modern Japanese Literature, Kōdansha, 1977, 461p. [R910.33||N71||5]
[Zasshi shinbun bunken jiten], [edited by] Amano Keitaro. Kanazawa Bumpokaku, 1999, 315p. [027.5||A43]

To learn about the relationship between a magazine and the period in which it was published, the following chronologies printed in catalogues may be of use.

Chronology of Literature on Modern Japanese Art, Appendix: Chronology of major art magazine publications, [edited by] Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, History of Modern Japanese Art, Meiji and Taisho to Showa, The Asahi Shimbun Company, Tokyo Head Office, c1979, p.277–303. [CG||145||004855]

Taishōki shinkō bijutsu shiryō shūsei is a compilation of materials about art that developed during the Taisho period. The picture edition includes images of the magazine covers from the era. In the chronological edition, the text and table of contents are transcribed in detail for the years that the magazines were first published.

[Taishōki shinkō bijutsu shiryō shūsei], Omuka Toshiharu, Kikuya Yosio, Takizawa Kyōji et al. Kokushokankokai Inc., 2006, 580, 58 p. [702.16||O64]

Sōkangō no panorama is a compilation of magazine covers from 1867 to 1956.

[Sōkangō no panorama: kindai Nihon no zasshi, Iwanami Shoten korekushon yori], [edited by] Urawa Art Museum, Iwanami Syoten Hensyūbu. Iwanami Shoten, Publishers., 2004.9, x, 133p. [051||U84]

Utopia of Images and Letters is an exhibition catalogue that introduces major Japanese modern art magazines. This source focuses on the aesthetic value of the magazines themselves.

Utopia of Images and Letters: Japanese modern art and art magazine, 1889–1915, [edited by] The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura & Hayama. The Japan Association of Art Museums, c2008, 358p. [CG||141||005483]

Art and Printed Matter from the 1960s to the 1970s is a document on an exhibition held at the MOMAT in 2014. The exhibition showcased art and intimate prints from the 1960s and 1970s. It encompassed a variety of materials such as magazines published in the United States and Germany in addition to those published in Japan.

Art and Printed Matter from the 1960s to the 1970s: documents, [edited by] National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 2015, 63p. [MP||NMA1||[2015]]

The 70s in Japan 1968–1982 is the catalogue for an exhibition that was held at the Museum of Modern Art, Saitama in 2012. This exhibition covered many Japanese magazines that strongly reflect 70’s society.

The 70s in Japan 1968–1982, [edited by] The Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Maeyama Yuji, Umezu Gen, Hirano Itaru. The Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, The Japan Association of Art Museums, c2012, 283p. [CG||141||008887]

Matsumoto Shunsuke to “Zakkicho” no gaka is the catalogue of an exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art, Kanagawa in 1986. The exhibition dealt with the relationship between Matsumoto Shunsuke and related figures with the magazine Zakkicho.

[Matsumoto Shunsuke to “Zakkicho” no gaka], [edited by] The Museum of Modern Art, Kanagawa. The Museum of Modern Art, Kanagawa, 1986, [31p]. [CG||146||007140]


4.3 Information for each issue and collection information

4.3.1 How to read information about each issue

Information for each issue includes issue number, issue dates, and edition names. Among these, the issue number and issue date are most important. For example, suppose that the literature list makes a reference to “Geijutsu shincho.49(7) 1998.7.” You can see right away that the name of the magazine is Geijutsu shincho. You would gather that “1998.7” refers to the year and month of publication, but what do the other numbers represent? 49(7) refers to the 7th issue of the 49th volume.

To avoid referring to the issue as the “the 7th issue of the 49th volume,” libraries abbreviate it so that the issue number is written in parentheses next to the volume number. Some magazines use only a serial number. For such magazines, only the number of the serial number is indicated without parentheses. It is helpful to remember the volume/issue notation as it can be applied when looking at collection information, which is explained in the next section.

4.3.2 How to read collection information

Collection information is viewed from the perspective of the library, and refers simply to whether or not something exists in the library.
Let’s take a look at some collection information. Bibliographic information and collection information can be checked from the OPAC. Pay attention to the entries for year of holding and holding of volumes/issues under collection information. These entries are subject to a few rules.

The year of holding is written so that the year of the oldest issue collected and the latest issue collected at the library are joined with a hyphen. 1980–1995 would indicate that the oldest issue was from 1980, whereas the latest was from 1995. However, this does not mean that every issue within that period has been collected. To check which issues within the period are collected, check the available volumes/issues.

The notation described in the previous section using parentheses is used to indicate the available volumes/issues. For example, “33 (5–6, 8)” would indicate that the 5th, 6th, and 8th issues of the 33rd volume are available, with the numbers in parentheses representing available issues. If no issues are missing, it would simply be marked “33”. Note that some magazines are only indicated by a serial number. In such cases, the serial number is used as is. A volume/issue number with a “+” at the end means that new issues are still being accepted. The method of viewing collections introduced here is common to many library catalogues.

4.3.3 Searching through catalogs of other libraries

For magazines that are not available at the MOMAT Art Library, check the OPACs and catalogues of other libraries to see if they are available in other libraries. In addition to collection catalogues that deal with only one library, there are comprehensive catalogues that enable you to search the collections of multiple libraries at once. To start with, here is a list of collection catalogues that deal with only one library.

National Diet Library Catalog of Japanese Serials, [December 1987], [edited by] National Diet Library. National Diet Library, 1988, 1705p. [027.5||Ko49||87]
[Tōkyōto bijutsukan shozō bijutsu zasshi mokuroku. 1992], [edited by] Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Art. Tokyo metropolitan museum of art, 1992, 98p. [027.5||To46||1992]
[Nihon kindai bungakukan shozō shuyō zasshi mokuroku. 1990], [edited by] The Museum of Modern Japanese Literature. The Museum of Modern Japanese Literature, 1989, 126p. [027.5||N71]
[Kenritsu kanagawa kindai bungakukan shūzō shinbun zasshi mokuroku. 1995], [edited by] Kanagawa Bungaku Shinkokai. Kanagawa Bungaku Shinkokai, 1996, 866p. [027.5||Ka43]

The National Diet Library Catalog of Japanese Serials contains bibliographic and collection information. You can check whether a work exists (indicated by a star) in the tables of contents in the “list of combined tables of contents/combined indexes” at the end of the catalog. You can also check whether a work is compiled (indicated by a diamond) in The Japanese Periodicals Index. The National Diet Library has other available collection catalogues in addition to the National Diet Library Catalog of Japanese Serials [Addendum January–December 1987] mentioned above, such as catalogues of foreign serial publications. The catalogue of the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum was listed in 4.3, but this catalogue is newer. In the old version, the descriptions of each magazine are more detailed.

In addition, you can use the Internet to search NDL Online as well as the OPACs of the Tokyo Metropolitan Library and the libraries of art universities. However, the use of university libraries is often restricted to university-related person and you are often required to submit a letter of introduction.

The following are comprehensive catalogues of the National Institute of Informatics, which can be used to search the collections of multiple libraries at once. These can be used mainly to check collections of materials in national and private university libraries. CiNii Books is an online version of these sources. We recommend that you use CiNii Books to find the latest information.

Union List of Science Periodicals in Japanese Language, 1985, [edited by] Ministry of Education. MARUZEN, 1986, 3v. [R027.5||G16||85]
Union List of Scientific Periodicals in European Languages, 1988, [edited by] National Center for Science Information System, 1989, 5v. [R027.5||G16||88]
●CiNii Books (http://ci.nii.ac.jp/books/)


4.4 Article information

4.4.1 Searching by subject/name of person

When searching for magazine articles, the first step is find the location of the article. We will first introduce you to tools for searching by subject and name of person.

a) Searching by book form

Subject Guide to Periodical Literature, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1981. 6v. [R703.1||N71]
Bibliography of Aesthetics and Fine Arts, [edited by] Nichigai Associates, Inc. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1999, 4v. [703.1||N71]

Each source has a legend at the beginning of the volume, but the volume can be read in the same way described above. You can search by name of person or subject in the index at the end of the volume. While Subject Guide to Periodical Literature 1975–1984 Fine Arts is a simple magazine index based on Japanese Periodicals Index. Humanities and Social Science, the latter includes books and exhibition catalogs. You can use these two sources to find major magazine articles on art published after the war.

b) Searching online

1) Japanese

We would first like to introduce you to The Japanese Periodicals Index. The National Diet Library magazine article index was previously published as a magazine from 1948 to 1995, and in 2002, the OPAC of the National Diet Library was completely opened to the public. This enabled the public to search the entire magazine article index from an online database. You can use this tool to search for important magazine articles collected at the National Diet Library. You can conduct a search using NDL Online or NDL Search. A list of collected magazines can also be viewed on the National Diet Library website.

● About The National Diet Library, Journal Article Index (http://www.ndl.go.jp/jp/data/sakuin/sakuin_select.html)
● Journal article index, the list of record journals (https://www.ndl.go.jp/jp/data/sakuin/sakuin_index.html)

This next section introduces the bibliographic information search services offered by the National Institute of Informatics (NII)—”CiNii Articles Search for Japanese Articles” and “IRDB (Academic Institutional Repository Portal).”CiNii Articles” offers information about articles with a focus on Japanese academic papers. IRDB enables you to search education and research findings from universities and research institutes (scientific studies, dissertations, research reports, academic conference materials, teaching materials, etc.) that have been registered in Japan’s institutional repository.

CiNii Articles (http://ci.nii.ac.jp/)
●IRDB (https://irdb.nii.ac.jp/)

2) Foreign

ARTbibliographies Modern (ABM) is the only specialized source for bibliographic information about modern and contemporary art. The information covers all forms of art from painting to sculpture, photo and video art, body art, and even graffiti. ABM offers complete abstracts and indexes of articles created since the late 1960’s.

ARTbibliographies Modern (ABM) (In the Art Library only)

The Arts & Humanities Database is a compilation of several hundred titles related to art, architecture, design, history, philosophy, music, literature, drama, and cultural research. This database is designed to supplement the following indexes. ABM, DAAI, British Humanities Index, MLA International Bibliography and Philosopher’s Index, etc.

Arts & Humanities Database (In the Art Library only)

The Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (Avery) is an index of articles relevant to the fields of architecture and urban planning. This is an index of journal articles related to architecture published since 1934 and covers topics such as architecture, architecture history, landscape design, urban planning, historical preservation, interior design, interior decoration, etc.

Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (Avery) (In the Art Library only)

The Design and Applied Arts Index (DAAI) is a compilation of various articles related to design and crafts. Users can search journal articles, exhibition reviews, and news entries published between 1973 and today. This index covers a wide variety of fields including crafts, graphic design, fashion, interior, architecture, web design, animation, and landscape gardening.

Design and Applied Arts Index (DAAI) (In the Art Library only)

The International Bibliography of Art (IBA) is a public online database of the successor to the most reliable source in the field, the Bibliography of the History of Art (BHA). It continues to follow the BHA editorial policy. This database includes records created by the Getty Research Institute between 2008 and 2009 as well as a record newly created by ProQuest using the same thesaurus and reference files.

International Bibliography of Art (IBA) (In the Art Library only)

The databases above are provided by ProQuest and use a common platform, allowing you to search across databases. The search screen is available in both English and Japanese, but data such as abstracts are only available in English. Search by entering the name of the artist in the field at the top left. After you’ve found an article, check the “Document Type” field indicating the type of publication. “Journal article” refers to a magazine article. Check the title and volume of the magazine and search the MOMAT OPAC again to check whether it is available.

BHA and RILA are general databases of Western art. Abstracts can be read in English. Articles indicated as “Articles (journal)” in “Document Type” are magazine articles. Bibliography of the history of art (BHA) (1990–2007) and Répertoire de la littérature de l’art (RILA) (1975–1989) have been integrated and can be searched simultaneously. The same process is used to check collections of articles on the MOMAT OPAC.

Bibliography of the history of art (BHA). And Répertoire de la littérature de l’art (RILA), The Getty (http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/bha/index.html)

JSTOR is an academic archive containing over 170 titles (as of September 2019) of art magazines managed by an American nonprofit foundation.

JSTOR [In the Art Library only]

OAO is an online version of The Dictionary of Art previously published by Grove. In addition to Grove Art Online, which contains the full text of The Dictionary of Art, The Oxford Companion to Western Art, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms, and Benezit Dictionary of Artists can also be cross searched.

Oxford Art Online (OAO) [In the Art Library only]

4.4.2 Searching from the combined tables of contents of magazines

If you can identify a magazine, you can try searching for the article from the combined tables of contents or index of the publication. However, not all magazines have a combined tables of contents. Furthermore, some magazines publish a table of contents for a year in the year-end issue, or in the form of a separate book or magazine issue.

For major Japanese magazines, the MOMAT OPAC indicates where a combined tables of contents can be found next to “Note.” However, a combined tables of contents may not be available for all magazines. Use the following reference books for magazines that do not have a combined tables of contents.

[Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan shozō kokunai chikuji kankōbutsu sōmokuji, sōsakuin ichiran: Heisei 3-nen 1-gatsumatsu genzai], [edited by] National Diet Library. National Diet Library, 1991, 249p. [027.5||Ko49]
Bibliographical List of Contents of Japanese Periodicals, [edited by] Amano Keitaro, Fukai Hitoshi. Nichigai Associates, Inc., 1985, 515p. [027.5||A43]

Although these are somewhat different sources, the following materials are the tables of contents of the 53 major art magazines from the Meiji period to the end of the war in the order of publication name. There is also an index of names of people, which can be useful for searching for information about people in pre-war magazines.

[Bijutsu kankei zasshi mokuji sōran Meiji Taisho showa senzenhen], [edited by] Kobayashi Tadashi. Kokushokankokai Inc., 2000, 4v. [027.57||Ko12]

History of Avant-Garde Movements is a collection of magazines and ephemera related to futurism, Dada, and constructivism from the early 20th century. A foreign edition and Japanese edition have been published. Each is divided into two volumes—text and images.

History of Avant-Garde Movements: Futurism, Dada and Constructivism, Nishino Yoshiaki. University of Tokyo Press, 2016, 2v. [702.07||N85]
History of Avant-Garde Movements: Futurism, Dada and Constructivism in Japan, Nishino Yoshiaki. University of Tokyo Press, 2019, 2v. [702.16||N85]

Sōsaku hangashi no keifu is a table of contents and catalog of images from creative print magazines that are indispensable for reviewing modern Japanese prints. This source contains annotations in addition to bibliographic information. The magazines included in this source were published between 1905 and 1945, and are arranged in order of publication date.

[Sōsaku hangashi no keifu: sōmokuji oyobi sakuhin zuhan: 1905–1944 nen], [edited by] Kaji Sachiko. Chuo-Koron Bijutsu Shuppan, 2008, 96, 1115p. [732.16||Ka22]

A separate combined tables of contents may be published for magazines that are reproduced in the form of CD-ROMs or microfilms. You can use these to check the volume (or page) where an article can be found. The following two sources are examples.

[Taiyō sōmokuji], [edited by] The Museum of Modern Japanese Literature. The Museum of Modern Japanese Literature, 1999, 25, 914, 43p. [027.51||Ta25]
The Yorodzu choho No.46, Nihon Tosho Center, 1997, 520p.

4.4.3 Finding articles from a specific year

Year book of Japanese Art is the most comprehensive source to use if you can determine the period. The search method may be confusing because the editing policy was changed slightly at a certain point. Be aware that there is a one-year difference between the year of the edition and the actual year of recording. For example, the 2000 edition covers January to December 1999. Note that the MOMAT OPAC bibliographies are separated by period. For details, refer to “1.4.4 Yearbooks.”

4.4.4 Essay and theory

In the previous section, you were introduced to how to search magazine articles. The next section is an introduction to collections of articles compiled by specific themes and authors. Many of these first appeared in magazines.

Kaigai shinkō geijutsuron sōsho is a compilation of discourses about futurism, cubism, and expressionism in the Taisho and early Showa eras. It is made up of 22 volumes.

[Kaigai shinkō geijutsuron sōsho], Hidaka Shōji, Omuka Toshiharu, supervisors. Yumanishobo, 2003–2005, 22v. [702.06||Ka21]

Korekushon Nihon Shururearisumu is a compilation of discourses about surrealism published in pre-war books and magazines. It is made up of 15 volumes.

[Korekushon Nihon Shururearisumu], [edited by] Wada Hirofumi et al. Hon-no-Tomosha, 2000-2001, 15v. [702.16||Ko79]

Bijutsu hihyoka chosaku senshu is a compilation of valuable discourses by art critics and journalists. The editors also cover the art critics and themes that are featured in each volume. It is made up of 21 volumes.

[Bijutsu hihyoka chosaku senshu], Ichiuji Yoshinaga et al. Yumanishobo, 2010–2011, 21v. [704||B42]

Below are collections of essays and selections compiled by prominent art critics.

[Imaizumi atsuo chosakushū], Imaizumi Atsuo. KYURYUDO, 1979, 6v. [704||I43]
[Kagesato tetsurō chosakushū], Kagesato Tetsuroh. Issodo, 2007, 3v. [704||Ka18]
[Kawakita michiaki bijutsu ronshu], Kōdansha, 1977–78, 5v. [704||Ka94]
[Korekushon takiguchi shūzō], Takiguchi Shuzo. Misuzu Shobo Co., Ltd., 1991–1998, 14v. [704||Ta71]
[Tsuji nobuo shu], Tsuji Nobuo. Iwanami Shoten, Publishers., 2013–14, 6v. [702.1||Ts41]
[Kyozō no jidai: Tōno Yoshiaki bijutsu hihyō sen = Art critics], Tōno Yoshiaki, [edited by] Matsui Shigeru, Imura Yasuko. Kawade Shobo Shinsha, 2013, 349p. [704||To63]
[Nakahara yusuke bijutsu hihyo senshu], Nakahara Yusuke, [edited by] Editorial Board of the Selected Works of Yusuke Nakahara. Gendaikikakushitsu Publishers+BankART 1929, 2011–15, 8v. [704||N33]
[Haryū Ichirō hyōronshū], Haryū Ichirō. Tabata Shoten, 1969–70, 6v. [704||H33]
[Hijikata teiichi chosakushū], Hijikata Teiichi. Heibonsha, 1976–78, 12v. [704||H56]
[Miyakawa Atsushi chosakushū], Miyakawa Atsushi. Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, 1980–81, 3v. [704||Mi76]
The Corpus of Yoshida Yoshie’s Critical Essays on Art, Yoshida Yoshie. Geizyutu shyoin, 2005, 591p. [704||Y86]

From Postwar to Postmodern, Art in Japan 1945–1989 is a collection of studies about postwar Japanese art that have been translated into English.

From Postwar to Postmodern, Art in Japan 1945–1989: primary documents, [edited by] Doryun Chong et al. Museum of Modern Art, c2012, 440 p. [702.16||C53]

The following are collections of reviews and theories about art from overseas. Some have been translated into Japanese.

Art in Theory: an anthology of changing ideas, edited by Charles Harrison and Paul Wood. Blackwell, 1992–2003, 3v. [701||H33]
Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art: a sourcebook of artists’ writings. 2nd ed., rev. and expanded, Kristine Stiles and Peter Selz. University of California Press, c2012, xxii, 1141, xxii, 24 p. [702.07||St6]
Theory in Contemporary Art since 1985. 2nd. ed., [edited by] Zoya Kocur and Simon Leung, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, xxiv, 527 p. [702.07||Ko15]
Art since 1900: modernism, antimodernism, postmodernism. 3rd ed., Hal Foster et al. Thames & Hudson, 2016, 896 p. [702.07||F41]
Art since 1900: modernism, antimodernism, postmodernism, Hal Foster et al. [edited by] Osaki Shinichiro et al. Tokyo Shoseki Co., Ltd., 2019, 895p. [702.07||F41]
American Artists on Art: from 1940 to 1980, [edited by] Ellen H. Johnson. Routledge, 2018, xii, 274 p. [702.53||J64]


4.5 About art-related institutions

This final section lists institutions other than art museums such as academic societies and research institutes that deal with art, and introduces some of their major publications. We have focused on institutions that have a relatively large number of publications in the MOMAT Art Library, as well as those that are closely related to the world of art.

a) Societies

The Japan Art History Society (http://www.bijutsushi.jp/)
Covers general art history of all periods and regions.

Bijutsushi: journal of the Japan Art History Society, Japan Art History Society, Benrido, 1. [ZW||ヒ]

The Japanese Society for Aesthetics (http://www.bigakukai.jp/)
An academic society that researches aesthetics from a broad perspective.

Bigaku: aesthetics, Japanese Society for Aesthetics, vol. 1 no. 1 (1950)–. [ZW||ヒ]

The Society for the Study of Japonisme (http://japonisme-studies.jp/ja/)
This society deals with Japonism. (Japonism refers to the Japanese-influenced art movement popular in the West from the 19th century to early 20th century.)

Studies in Japonisme, Society for the Study of Japonisme, no. 18 (1998)–. [KB||シ]
[Japonisumu nyūmon], [edited by] Society for the Study of Japonisme. Shibunkaku Publishing, 2000, 247, 33p. [702.06||J24]

Société franco-japonaise d’art et d’archéologie (http://www.francojaponais504.jp/)

This academic society aims to promote French art research in Japan and conversely, Japanese art research in France.

Bulletin de la société franco-japonaise d’art et d’archéologie, Société franco-japonaise d’Art et d’Archéologie, no. 1 (juil. 1981)–. [KB||ニ]

Association for the Study of Modern Japanese Art History (http://www.meibikai.org/)
This academic society focuses on fine arts from the Meiji period, dealing with topics such as the relationship between modern Japanese art and Western art, and the process through which the concept of art formed in Japan.

[Kindai gasetsu: Meiji bijutsu gakkaishi], Study of Modern Japanese Art History, no. 1 (1992)–. [ZW||キ]

Japan Art Documentation Society (http://www.jads.org/)
This society deals with information related to art.

The Bulletin of Japan Art Documentation Society, Japan Art Documentation Society, no. 1 (Mar. 1992)–. [KB||ア]

Japan Association for Arts Management (http://ja-am.org/)
This association conducts research on theories and practices such as political policies related to arts and culture, as well as facility management.

Arts Management Studies, [edited by] Japan Association for Arts Management. Bijutsu Shuppan-sha, no. 1 (2000)–. [ZW||ア]

Japan Society of Image Arts and Sciences (http://jasias.jp/)
This association conducts research on photography, film, and television.

Eizōgaku: Japanese journal of image arts and sciences, Japan Society of Image Arts and Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1 (1981)–. [ZW||エ]

b) Art-related research institutes

Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties (http://www.tobunken.go.jp/index_j.html)
This research institute is involved in the research, preservation, and restoration of cultural properties and cooperates internationally in the conservation of cultural properties. Its predecessor is the Institution of Art Research which was established in the Kuroda Memorial Hall in 1930. This institution has published literature including The bijutsu kenkyu: the journal of art studies (magazine) and Year book of Japanese art (book). The institution also provides the full text of issues 1 to 90 of the magazine Mizue online. There is also an index of authors.

The bijutsu kenkyu: the journal of art studies, The Institutes of Art Research. no. 1 (1932)–. [ZW||ヒ]
● [Mizue – Archives of collections of Tokyo National Research Institute for Cultural Properties](http://mizue.bookarchive.jp/)

Art Restoration Studio 21 (http://www.ars21.co.jp/)

This studio was formerly known as the Sokei Academy of Fine Art & Design Art Restoration Studio.

Institute of Painting Technology technical bulletin, Art Restoration Studio 21, vol. 15 (1999・2000)–. [KB||シ]

c) Various organizations

Japan Foundation (http://www.jpf.go.jp/j/index.html)
This foundation was created with the purpose of promoting international cultural exchange. They organize and sponsor many exhibitions.

The Japan Foundation Forum News, Japan Foundation, vol. 0 (Mar. 2000)–. [KN||コ]

The Kajima Foundation for the Arts (http://www.kajima-fa.or.jp/)
As one of Kajima Corporation’s corporate patronage efforts, this foundation publishes research on art as well as The Kajima Foundation for the Arts annual report.

The Kajima Foundation for the Arts annual report, Kajima Foundation, no. 1–. [KA||カ]

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